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Meiotic recombination in S. cerevisiae is initiated by double-strand breaks (DSBs). In certain mutants, breaks accumulate with a covalently attached protein, suggesting that cleavage is catalyzed by the DSB-associated protein via a topoisomerase-like transesterase mechanism. We have purified these protein-DNA complexes and identified the protein as Spo11,(More)
Chromosome behavior in meiosis is well characterized from cytological and genetic descriptions but little is known of the underlying molecular mechanisms, largely because no one experimental system has been developed to support an integrated application of modern cytological, genetic, and molecular biological methods. To combine efficient analyses of(More)
We have developed a system wherein DNA alterations occurring in a target gene in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be determined by DNA sequencing. The target gene, SUP4-o, an ochre suppressor allele of a yeast tyrosine tRNA gene, has been inserted into a shuttle vector (YCpMP2) which is maintained in yeast at a copy number of one per cell Mutations in(More)
Both meiosis-specific and general recombination functions, recruited from the mitotic cell cycle, are required for elevated levels of recombination and for chromosome synapsis (assembly of the synaptonemal complex) during yeast meiosis. The meiosis-specific SPO11 gene (previously shown to be required for meiotic recombination) has been isolated and shown to(More)
Molecular pathway and network analysis tools that have been developed over the past decade provide an emerging systems-wide perspective for the analysis of gene expression, proteomic and metabolomic data. These tools link relevant extracted literature information available from structured knowledge bases with user-friendly features that enable analysis and(More)
A collection of 196 spontaneous mutations in the SUP4-o gene of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was analyzed by DNA sequencing. The classes of mutation identified included all possible types of base-pair substitution, deletions of various lengths, complex alterations involving multiple changes, and insertions of transposable elements. Our findings(More)
Studies on the relationships between inflammatory pathway genes and lung cancer risk have not included African-Americans and have only included a handful of genes. In a population-based case-control study on 198 African-American and 744 Caucasian women, we examined the association between 70 cytokine and cytokine receptor single-nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
Amplification of the 8p11-12 region has been found in about 15% of human breast cancers and is associated with poor prognosis. Earlier, we used genomic analysis of copy number and gene expression to perform a detailed analysis of the 8p11-12 amplicon to identify candidate oncogenes in breast cancer. We identified 21 candidate genes and provided evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Despite more aggressive screening across all demographics and gradual declines in mortality related to prostate cancer (PCa) in the United States, disparities among populations persist. A substantial proportion of African American men (AAM) have a higher overall incidence, earlier age of onset, increased proportion of clinically advanced disease,(More)
Here we demonstrate that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA ligase activity, which we previously designated DNA ligase II, is encoded by the genomic DNA sequence YOR005c. Based on its homology with mammalian LIG4, this yeast gene has been named DNL4 and the enzyme activity renamed Dnl4. In agreement with others, we find that DNL4 is not required for(More)