Craig M. Walsh

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Cell death is, perhaps paradoxically, essential for life. This is particularly so for multicellular organisms, where cell death plays crucial roles in regulating embryonic development, tissue homeostasis, immune function, tumor suppression, and infection resistance. Much of what is known about cell death has been developed through studies in the last two(More)
Identification of signaling pathways downstream of Abl tyrosine kinase may increase our understanding of the pathogenesis of chronic myeloge-nous leukemia (CML) and suggest strategies to improve clinical treatment of the disease. By combining the use of a phosphospecific antibody recognizing a substrate motif of serine/threonine kinases with bioinformatics,(More)
DRAK2 is a member of the death-associated protein (DAP)-like family of serine/threonine kinases. Members of this family induce apoptosis in various cell types. DRAK2, in particular, is specifically expressed in T cells and B cells, and it is differentially regulated during T cell development. To determine whether DRAK2 regulates lymphocyte apoptosis, we(More)
The present study evaluates immunogenicity and protection potency of a codon-optimized GRA1 DNA vaccine, wild type GRA1 DNA vaccine and an adjuvanted recombinant GRA1 protein vaccine candidate in BALB/c mice against lethal toxoplasmosis. Of the three GRA1 vaccines tested, the recombinant GRA1 protein vaccine results reveal significant increase in immune(More)
As a vital second messenger in the activation of lymphocytes, the divalent cation Ca(2+) plays numerous roles in adaptive immune responses. Importantly, Ca(2+) signaling is essential for T cell activation, tolerance of self-antigens, and homeostasis. Supporting the essential role of Ca(2+) signaling in T cell biology, the Ca(2+) regulated protein(More)
DAP kinases are a family of serine/threonine kinases known to regulate intrinsic apoptotic processes. DAP-related apoptotic kinase-2 (DRAK2) is highly expressed in lymphoid organs, with differential expression during thymocyte development. Low levels of transcript were observed in CD4/CD8 double-positive (DP) and double-negative populations, whereas(More)
Negative regulation of TCR signaling is an important mechanism enforcing immunological self-tolerance to prevent inappropriate activation of T cells and thus the development of autoimmune diseases. The lymphoid-restricted serine/threonine kinase death-associated protein-related apoptotic kinase-2 (DRAK2) raises the TCR activation threshold by targeting(More)
Clonal expansion of T cells is vital to adaptive immunity, yet this process must be tightly controlled to prevent autoimmune disease. The serine/threonine kinase death-associated protein kinase-related apoptosis-inducing kinase 2 (DRAK2) is a negative regulator of TCR signaling and sets the threshold for the activation of naive and memory T cells and(More)
We have recently described sustained clinical recovery associated with dampened neuroinflammation and remyelination following transplantation of neural precursor cells (NPCs) derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) in a viral model of the human demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis. The hNPCs used in that study were derived by a novel direct(More)