Craig Laferrière

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Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine pleuropneumonia. The major adhesin of A. pleuropneumoniae has previously been identified as a lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and more recently, we demonstrated that high molecular mass LPS were involved in A. pleuropneumoniae adherence to porcine respiratory tract cells. We postulated that(More)
Opsonophagocytosis is a correlate of protection that measures the functional activity of vaccine-induced antibodies. A standardized opsonophagocytosis assay (OPA) should be used as part of the evaluation of current and future pneumococcal (Pnc) polysaccharide (Ps)-based vaccines. We enrolled five laboratories to evaluate a previously standardized viability(More)
The immunogenicity of plain (not conjugated) pneumococcal polysaccharides in children and infants was reviewed using a systematic literature search. Immunogenicity was defined as the fold-increase in serotype specific antibody concentration after a single dose of plain polysaccharide vaccine in unprimed subjects. Meta-regression was used to calculate the(More)
In summary, the LOS of B. pertussis lacks the long-chain polysaccharide O antigen, and is resolved electrophoretically into two distinct bands designated LOS A and LOS B. Mice administered with anti-LOS A mAbs can be protected from fatal B. pertussis infection. These observations may indicate potential for oligosaccharides as a component of new acellular(More)
Descending and ascending influences of the superior colliculus (CS) were studied in the following way. In anesthetized and paralyzed rabbits two tungsten micro-electrodes were lowered in the (CS) and the Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (LGN) for single unit recordings. A third semi-micro-electrode (dia. 100 microns) was positioned in the vicinity of the(More)
The introduction of type b Haemophilus influenzae conjugate vaccines into routine vaccination schedules has significantly reduced the burden of this disease; however, widespread use in developing countries is constrained by vaccine costs, and there is a need for a simple and high-yielding manufacturing process. The vaccine is composed of purified capsular(More)
Background. Routine vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae is recommended in Canada for infants, the elderly, and individuals with chronic comorbidity. National incidence and burden of all-cause and pneumococcal pneumonia in Canada (excluding Quebec) were assessed. Methods. Incidence, length of stay, and case-fatality rates of hospitalized all-cause(More)
Factors affecting the sterility of the work area in barrier isolators and a biological safety cabinet (BSC) were studied. A study in a mother-and-child tertiary care teaching hospital in Canada examined the effects of a range of variables on the sterility of work areas in four barrier isolators and a standard BSC. The variables consisted of type of(More)
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