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A surgical approach to the basilar papilla of the chicken cochlea has been developed which allows recordings from within the hair cells and supporting cells in vivo. The frequency tuning curves for the AC receptor potentials measured in extracellular space immediately outside hair cells, within the hair cells and in adjacent supporting cells were similar,(More)
A combination of in situ high-pressure neutron diffraction at pressures up to 17.5(5) GPa and molecular dynamics simulations employing a many-body interatomic potential model is used to investigate the structure of cold-compressed silica glass. The simulations give a good account of the neutron diffraction results and of existing x-ray diffraction results(More)
The structure of GeO(2) glass was investigated at pressures up to 17.5(5) GPa using in situ time-of-flight neutron diffraction with a Paris-Edinburgh press employing sintered diamond anvils. A new methodology and data correction procedure were developed, enabling a reliable measurement of structure factors that are largely free from diamond Bragg peaks.(More)
Urea, like many network forming compounds, has long been known to form inclusion (guest-host) compounds. Unlike other network formers like water, urea is not known to form such inclusion compounds with simple molecules like hydrogen. Such compounds if they existed would be of interest both for the fundamental insight they provide into molecular bonding and(More)
We used the finite element method for stress and deformation analysis of the large sample volume double-toroidal anvil and gasket assembly used with the Paris-Edinburgh press for neutron scattering, in order to investigate the failure of this assembly observed repeatedly in experiments at a load of approximately 240 tonnes. The analysis is based on a new(More)
We describe the design and operation of an apparatus for loading gases into the sample volume of the Paris-Edinburgh press at room temperature and high pressure. The system can be used for studies of samples loaded as pure or mixed gases as well as for loading gases as pressure-transmitting media in neutron-scattering experiments. The apparatus consists of(More)
The structure of amorphous NaCl solutions produced by fast quenching is studied as a function of pressure, up to 4 GPa, by combined neutron diffraction experiments and classical molecular dynamics simulations. Similarly to LiCl solutions the system amorphizes at ambient pressure in a dense phase structurally similar to the e-HDA phase in pure water. The(More)
We report the crystal structure of the orthorhombic perovskite LaCo1/3Mn2/3O3 as determined by neutron diffraction from 5-300 K. A high-temperature x-ray diffraction study is also reported from 290-900 K. At temperatures above 570 K, LaCo1/3Mn2/3O3 transforms to a rhombohedral structure with space group R3̄c. This rhombohedral phase is also observed in the(More)
The magnesium silicate system is an important geophysical analogue and neutron diffraction data from glasses formed in this system may also provide an initial framework for understanding the structure-dependent properties of related liquids that are important during planetary formation. Neutron diffraction data collected in situ for a single composition (38(More)
The structure of the crystalline ammonia-bearing phase formed when ammonia monohydrate liquid is compressed to 3.5(1) GPa at ambient temperature has been solved from a combination of synchrotron x-ray single-crystal and neutron powder-diffraction studies. The solution reveals that rather than having the ammonia monohydrate (AMH) composition as had been(More)