Craig J. Palmer

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A new type of chloride channel has been identified by functional expression of phospholemman, a 72-amino acid cardiac sarcolemmal protein with a single transmembrane domain. Xenopus oocytes injected with phospholemman RNA developed a chloride-selective current, which was activated by hyperpolarizing pulses. The current activated very slowly with a(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) stimulated 36Cl- influx into membrane vesicles from rat cerebral cortex at 3 to 300 microM in a concentration-dependent manner with near maximum response at 100 microM. Inhibitory potencies for this GABA (100 microM)-dependent 36Cl- uptake were determined for 16 cage convulsants including 10 bicycloorthocarboxylates and 3(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the differential effects of acute tryptophan (TRP) depletion vs. sham condition on plasma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biochemical parameters, and mood in the following three subject groups: (1) nine antidepressant-free individuals with remitted depression, (2) eight paroxetine-treated individuals with recently(More)
Cage convulsants appear to fall into two groups based on correlations between their potency for inhibiting [35S]t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate binding or gamma-aminobutyric acid-stimulated 36chloride uptake in brain membrane preparations and their toxicity to mice. Polychlorocycloalkanes, picrotoxinin and 2,6,7-trioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octanes with large(More)
Regional monitoring and assessments of the health of forested ecosystems require indicators of forest conditions and environmental stresses. Indicator selections depend on objectives and the strategy for data collection and analysis. This paper recommends a set of indicators to signal changes in forest ecosystem distribution, productivity, and disturbance.(More)
The national Forest Health Monitoring (FHM) program requires protocols for monitoring soil carbon contents. In a pilot study, 30 FHM plots loblolly shortleaf (Pinus taeda L./Pinus echinata Mill.) pine forests across Georgia were sampled by horizon and by depth increments. For total soil carbon, approximately 40% of the variance was between plots, 40%(More)
The national Forest Health Monitoring (FHM) program conducted a remeasurement study in 1999 to evaluate the usefulness and feasibility of collecting data needed for investigating carbon budgets in forests. This study indicated that FHM data are adequate for detecting a 20% change over 10 years (2% change per year) in percent total carbon and carbon content(More)
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