Craig J Cady

Learn More
Studies have suggested that 17beta estradiol (E2) can modify apolipoprotein E (apoE) expression. The current study determined if apoE protein varied in different regions of the mouse brain as a function of the estrous cycle and if E2 could increase apoE protein expression. In this study apoE concentration was lowest on estrus in the hippocampus, cingulate(More)
In this review we examine the evidence for ovarian hormone neuroprotection in chronic neurological diseases, including stroke. We propose that neuroprotection may involve the ability of estrogens to modulate apolipoprotein E (apoE) and its receptor, the low density lipoprotein receptor related protein (LRP). Results from numerous studies have demonstrated(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is expressed in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus and is important in learning and memory. NMDARs are influenced by aging and implicated in neurodegenerative disorders. We investigated age-related differences in NMDAR ionic currents and intracellular calcium in embryonic (E18), middle-age (9-10 month) and old (26(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells have been intensively studied for their potential use in reparative strategies for neurodegenerative diseases and traumatic injuries. We used mesenchymal stem cells (rMSC) from rat bone marrow to evaluate the therapeutic potential after spinal cord injury (SCI). Immunohistochemistry confirmed a large number of apoptotic neurons and(More)
The effects of ovarian hormone on neuronal growth and function are well known. However, equally important, but often neglected, are ovarian hormone effects on glia. Our in vivo and in vitro studies show that estradiol modifies both neuronal growth and glial activity and these effects are tightly linked. Estradiol stimulates neurite growth and the release of(More)
For a model of neurological disease and ischemia, we extended recent work to culture adult postmortem rat brain neurons. Frontal cortex sections were removed from adult rats immediately following sacrifice and at different postmortem intervals and with the brain at either 22 degrees C or 4 degrees C. Brain could be stored four times longer at 4 degrees C(More)
The current study examined the effect of long-term estradiol replacement in ovariectomized mice. Estradiol-17beta (E2) pellets or vehicle pellets were implanted at the time of ovariectomy (OVX) in young adult female mice. Five mice from each group were sacrificed at 5, 14, 28 and 49 days after OVX and pellet replacement. Western blotting of homogenates from(More)
Ovarian hormones modulate both neuronal and glial activation during the estrous cycle. These effects are particularly well characterized in the hypothalamus. Ovarian hormones also affect brain regions not directly related to reproductive function. In this study we used glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunocytochemistry to quantify astroglial cells(More)
Numerous epidemiology studies have shown protective effects of hormone therapy (HT) on chronic neurological diseases. We have proposed that some of the neuroprotective effects of estrogen are mediated by apolipoprotein E (apoE). Polymorphisms of receptors for apoE modify the risk for dementia. To our knowledge, no reports exist showing CNS effects of(More)
The administration of arginine vasotocin (AVT) to gravid snapping turtles with steroidogenically active corpora lutea and high plasma progesterone concentration (1480 +/- 155 pg/ml) did not trigger oviposition, whereas 12 days after ovulation when luteolysis occurred and plasma progesterone concentration was low (570 +/- 78 pg/ml), treatment with AVT caused(More)