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Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive genetic disorder for which the biochemical defect is as yet unknown. Recently, two cloned segments of human X-chromosome DNA have been described which detect structural alterations within or near the genetic locus responsible for the disorder. Both of these cloned segments were described as tightly(More)
Members of an international consortium for linkage analysis of the facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) gene have pooled data for joint analyses, in an attempt to determine the precise location of the FSHD gene and the order of four DNA markers on 4q35 region. Six laboratories determined a total of 3,078 genotypes in 65 families, consisting of a(More)
The genetic locus for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) has been mapped to chromosome 4. We have examined linkage to five chromosome 4q DNA markers in 22 multigenerational FSHD families. Multipoint linkage analyses of the segregation of four markers in the FSHD families and in 40 multigenerational mapping families from the Centre d'Etude du(More)
We studied twin sisters, in their sixth decade, who were obligate carriers of Duchenne dystrophy. One had a slowly progressing limb-girdle myopathy since her mid-20s. The other sister showed no evidence of neuromuscular disease by history or on physical examination but had high serum CK values and degeneration and regeneration of fibers in a muscle biopsy.(More)
An epidemic of bismuth (Bi)-related neurotoxicity in France remains poorly understood, partly because no satisfactory animal model exists. We have now characterized such a model. Single or multiple intraperitoneal injections of Bi subnitrate into female mice produced neurologic signs (myoclonus, ataxia, tremors, convulsions) and blood (1.2 micrograms/g) and(More)
We evaluated 173 patients in the Clinical Investigation of Duchenne Dystrophy study to determine if patients from the same kindred were more alike clinically than patients within the study population as a whole. A high intrafamilial correlation was noted for age-adjusted muscle strength scores. While noninherited factors could, in part, explain the results,(More)
Three unrelated school teachers taught in the same school classroom for 2–5 years and subsequently developed amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) over an 18-year period. This clustering was not accompanied by an increased death rate for ALS in the county where the teachers lived and worked. Statistical analysis revealed that ALS as the cause of death for(More)
Baclofen is widely used in the treatment of spasticity of spinal origin. It is relatively free of side effects or toxic actions on the nervous system or other organs. Agitation, personality change, and auditory and visual hallucinations have been described following its abrupt withdrawal. One patient with generalized seizures and one with complex partial(More)
Carrier detection in Duchenne dystrophy (DD) and Becker dystrophy (BD) can be achieved with DNA probes that recognize restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). In 22 families, we found that 16 of 23 females at risk for being DD or BD carriers could be provided with more definitive indications of carrier status beyond the use of creatine(More)