Craig Goodmurphy

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Human facial muscles are unique in that they do not cross joints and they function either to open and close the apertures of the face or to tug the skin into intricate movements producing facial expressions. Compared to other skeletal muscles of the body, little is known about the microscopic architecture and organization of facial muscles. It was(More)
The authors evaluated the accuracy of EMG needle placement using the methods of two common EMG reference atlases. Fourteen cadavers were used to conduct needle placement by two board-certified electromyographers with a blinded anatomist completing the needle dissection. The two methods were found to be similarly accurate. Certain muscles were particularly(More)
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