Craig E. Wheelock

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This review has examined a number of issues surrounding the use of carboxylesterase activity in environmental monitoring. It is clear that carboxylesterases are important enzymes that deserve increased study. This class of enzymes appears to have promise for employment in environmental monitoring with a number of organisms and testing scenarios, and it is(More)
Systems biology aims to understand the nonlinear interactions of multiple biomolecular components that characterize a living organism. One important aspect of systems biology approaches is to identify the biological pathways or networks that connect the differing elements of a system, and examine how they evolve with temporal and environmental changes. The(More)
California (USA) agriculture employs pyrethroid and organophosphate insecticides to control insects in orchards and other crops. Diazinon and esfenvalerate were selected for this study because of their application overlaps. Toxicological and biochemical responses of larval fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) exposed singly and in combinations to(More)
The soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is involved in the metabolism of arachidonic, linoleic, and other fatty acid epoxides, endogenous chemical mediators that play an important role in blood pressure regulation and inflammation. 1,3-Disubstituted ureas, carbamates, and amides are new potent and stable inhibitors of sEH. However, the poor solubility of the(More)
Respiratory diseases are multifactorial heterogeneous diseases that have proved recalcitrant to understanding using focused molecular techniques. This trend has led to the rise of 'omics approaches (e.g., transcriptomics, proteomics) and subsequent acquisition of large-scale datasets consisting of multiple variables. In 'omics technology-based(More)
Endogenous 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) inhibits invasion of androgen-independent prostate cancer cells. Blocking cellular hydrolysis of 2-AG to increase its endogenous concentration results in a decrease in cell invasion. A series of compounds containing a trifluoromethyl ketone (TFK) moiety or the methyl analog (known to inhibit carboxylesterases) were(More)
Eicosanoids are a family of oxygenated metabolites of arachidonic acid, including the prostaglandins, thromboxanes, leukotrienes and lipoxins. These lipid mediators play essential roles in normal cellular homeostasis as well as in a number of disease states. This review will focus on recent advances in the field of eicosanoids and highlight specific(More)
Carboxylesterases are essential enzymes in the hydrolysis and detoxification of numerous pharmaceuticals and pesticides. They are vital in mediating organophosphate toxicity and in activating many prodrugs such as the chemotherapeutic agent CPT-11. It is therefore important to study the catalytic mechanism responsible for carboxylesterase-induced(More)
Carboxylesterases hydrolyze many pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals and have broad substrate selectivity, requiring a suite of substrates to measure hydrolytic profiles. To develop new esterase substrates, a series of alpha-cyanoesters that yield fluorescent products upon hydrolysis was evaluated for use in carboxylesterase assays. The use of these(More)
Sphingolipids are bioactive molecules with a putative role in inflammation. Alterations in sphingolipids, in particular ceramides, have been consistently observed in psoriatic skin. Herein, we quantified the circulating sphingolipid profile in individuals with mild or severe psoriasis as well as healthy controls. In addition, the effects of anti-TNF-α(More)