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PURPOSE Studies have shown that adenosine A(1) agonists can lower IOP in rabbits, mice, and monkeys, and this response is mediated in part by increases in outflow facility. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the response of trabecular meshwork cells to the addition of the adenosine A(1) receptor agonist N(6)-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA). METHODS The(More)
The rapid and complete repair of the corneal epithelium following ocular surgery or trauma is essential for the maintenance of normal visual acuity. In this study the authors examined epithelial wound healing in the rabbit after cells were mechanically removed leaving the basal lamina intact. The decrease in wound area (mm2/hr) was neither linear nor(More)
The effects of single or multiple topical doses of the relatively selective A1 adenosine receptor agonists (R)-phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA) and N6-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) on intraocular pressure (IOP), aqueous humor flow (AHF) and outflow facility were investigated in ocular normotensive cynomolgus monkeys. IOP and AHF were determined, under ketamine(More)
  • C E Crosson
  • 1995
The relatively selective adenosine A1 agonists N6-cyclohexy-ladenosine (CHA), R(-)-N6-(2-phenylisopropyl)adenosine (R-PIA) and S(+)-N6-(2-phenylisopropyl)adenosine (S-PIA); the A2a agonist 2-p-carboxyethyl)phenethyl-amino-5'-N-ethylcarbox-amidoadenosin e (CGS-21680) and the nonselective A2 agonist 2-phenylaminoadenosine (CV-1808) were evaluated in vivo for(More)
Fluid accumulation into the subretinal space and the development of macular edema is a common condition in age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and following ocular surgery, or injury. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other cytokines have been implicated in the disruption of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) barrier function(More)
Wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) attacks the integrity of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) barrier system. The pathogenic process was hypothesized to be mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and antagonized by pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). To dissect these functional interactions, monolayer cultures of RPE cells(More)
A number of different agents, such as growth factors, cytokines and phorbol esters have been shown to modulate trabecular meshwork cell function. These studies were designed to evaluate the role extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway plays in mediating the responses to platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and phorbol 12-myristate(More)
Increased histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity and the resulting dysregulation of protein acetylation is an integral event in retinal degenerations associated with ischemia and ocular hypertension. This study investigates the role of preconditioning on the process of acetylation in ischemic retinal injury. Rat eyes were unilaterally subjected to retinal(More)
The present study compared susceptibilities of Sprague Dawley (SD) and Brown Norway (BN) rats with ischemia-induced retinal neovascularization. An exposure to constant hyperoxia followed by normoxia induced significant retinal neovascularization in BN rats but not in SD rats, as demonstrated by fluorescein retinal angiography, measurement of avascular area,(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have shown that adenosine agonists may induce a rise in intraocular pressure (IOP), a reduction in IOP, or both. Although the reduction in IOP results from the activation of adenosine A1 receptors, the mechanisms responsible for the rise in IOP have not been investigated. This study examines the receptors and mechanisms responsible(More)