Craig E Boettcher

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A comparison of electromyographic (EMG) activity of muscles between and within subjects, and during separate occasions of testing, requires normalization. The most common way for generating the reference level used for normalizing shoulder EMG data is with a maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MVIC). The purpose of this study was to develop a(More)
The aim of this study was to compare activity in shoulder muscles during unsupported internal and external rotation to examine their functional roles, and determine whether they retain their 'stabiliser' or 'mover' role regardless of the shoulder task. Electromyographic recordings in the dominant shoulder of 15 normal subjects were taken from 13 shoulder(More)
PURPOSE Supraspinatus strengthening is an important part of shoulder rehabilitation programs. Because of the force-couple relationship between supraspinatus and deltoid during shoulder abduction, it has been proposed that the optimal exercise to strengthen supraspinatus is one that would maximize supraspinatus activity while minimizing surrounding muscle(More)
Based on previous electromyographic studies the 'empty can' (EC) and 'full can' (FC) tests have been promoted as being able to isolate activity to supraspinatus and are therefore diagnostic of supraspinatus dysfunction. However, there is evidence to suggest that these positions do not selectively activate supraspinatus, and that they may have poor(More)
Although flexion is a common component of the routine clinical assessment of the shoulder the muscle recruitment patterns during this movement are not clearly understood making valid interpretation of potential muscle dysfunction problematic. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively examine shoulder muscle activity during flexion in order to compare(More)
OBJECTIVES Optimal shoulder rotation range of motion (ROM) for swimming is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to examine shoulder rotation ROM in elite swimmers, including the influence of humeral torsion on rotation ROM, in order to establish optimal shoulder rotation parameters for swimming. In addition, we examined the relationship between(More)
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