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Investigations of gene therapy for Parkinson's disease have focused primarily on strategies that replace tyrosine hydroxylase. In the present study, the role of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase in gene therapy with tyrosine hydroxylase was examined by adding the gene for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase to our paradigm using primary fibroblasts(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive loss of the dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Although various treatments are successfully used to alleviate the symptoms of PD, none of them prevents or halts the neurodegenerative process of the disease. Brain-derived neurotrophic(More)
Gene transfer of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD), using either genetically modified cells or recombinant virus vectors, has produced partial restoration of behavioral and biochemical deficits. The limited success of this approach may be related to the availability of the cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), because(More)
A long-standing question in retrovirus biology is how RNA genomes are distributed among virions. In the studies presented in this report, we addressed this issue by directly examining HIV-1 RNAs in virions using a modified HIV-1 genome that contained recognition sites for BglG, an antitermination protein in the Escherichia coli bgl operon, which was(More)
Simple retroviruses present a unique opportunity for examining the host-virus relationship. Following exogenous infection and integration into the germ line, copies of these viruses can become fixed within the genome. The resulting endogenous proviral "fossils" represent a record of past retroviral infections and forms. Previous work in our laboratory has(More)
Glutathione peroxidases (GPx) serve a bioprotective function in the reduction of peroxides to less toxic substances. Both cellular and secreted forms of the protein have been reported, as well a number of distinct cDNA sequences. Previous efforts have described three distinct loci on human chromosomes 3, 21 and X which hybridize to a GPX cDNA and these(More)
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