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Fano factor analysis was used to characterize the spike trains of single medullary neurons with sympathetic nerve-related activity in cats that were decerebrate or anesthetized with Dial-urethan or urethan. For this purpose, values (Fano factor) of the variance of the number of extracellularly recorded spikes divided by the mean number of spikes were(More)
Time and frequency domain analyses were used to examine the changes in the relationships between the discharges of the inferior cardiac (CN) and vertebral (VN) postganglionic sympathetic nerves produced by electrical activation of the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) in urethan-anesthetized, baroreceptor-denervated cats. CN-VN coherence and phase angle in(More)
The mechanism for generation of the alpha rhythm is controversial. In the current study, analysis in the time and frequency domains revealed that the alpha rhythm recorded from the scalp overlying the human occipital cortex can be entrained to the second or third harmonic of low frequency light flashes. These results support the view that the alpha rhythm(More)
Fano factor analysis and dispersional analysis were used to characterize time series of single and multifiber spikes recorded from the preganglionic cervical sympathetic nerve and cardiac-related slow-wave activity of the whole postganglionic sympathetic vertebral nerve (VN) in anesthetized cats. Fluctuations in spike counts and interspike intervals for(More)
We have studied the relationship between pulse synchronous baroreceptor input (represented by the arterial pulse, AP) and the cardiac-related rhythm in sympathetic nerve discharge (SND) of urethan-anesthetized cats by using partial autospectral and partial coherence analysis. Partial autospectral analysis was used to mathematically remove the portion of SND(More)
Frequency- and time-domain analyses were used to compare the effects of stimulation of the defense region of the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) on the 10-Hz and cardiac-related discharges of sympathetic nerves with different cardiovascular targets. In baroreceptor-denervated cats anesthetized with urethan, PAG stimulation at frequencies equal to or(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the cardiac-related rhythm in sympathetic nerve discharge (SND) results from the forcing of a central oscillator to the frequency of the heart beat by pulse-synchronous baroreceptor afferent nerve activity. For this purpose, time series analysis was used to examine the phase relations between the brachial arterial pulse (AP)(More)
Eyelid reconstruction requires an understanding of normal eyelid anatomy and function. A thorough understanding of the basic anatomy, contour, and mobility of the eyelids is essential in restoring the tissue to its presurgical level. There are many different surgical options to assist in the repair of full thickness eyelid defects involving the margin.(More)
We used time series analysis to characterize the relationships among the arterial pulse (AP) and the cardiac-related and 10-Hz rhythms in sympathetic nerve discharge (SND) of urethane-anesthetized cats. We found that 10-Hz activity was more tightly coupled to the AP than to the cardiac-related rhythm. These data support the view that the dynamic coupling of(More)
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