Craig Champlin

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PURPOSE A randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the language and auditory processing outcomes of children assigned to receive the Fast ForWord Language intervention (FFW-L) with the outcomes of children assigned to nonspecific or specific language intervention comparison treatments that did not contain modified speech. METHOD Two hundred(More)
Recent evidence on the perceptual performance of bilingual listeners suggests that a nonaudibility-based cost exists in processing a second language. That is, when compared to monolingual English speakers and early bilinguals, listeners who acquired English as a second language after puberty show reduced performance when listening to the second language in(More)
This study was designed to investigate early auditory memory and its possible contribution to an auditory processing deficit shown by some children with language impairment. Ten children with language impairment and 10 age-matched controls participated in a series of simultaneous and backward masking tasks. The same backward masking stimulus was then used(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the possible contribution of sensory mechanisms to an auditory processing deficit shown by some children with language-learning impairment (LLI). Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were measured from 2 groups of school-aged (8-10 years) children. One group consisted of 10 children with LLI, and the other group(More)
Event Related Potentials (ERPs) were recorded from Spanish-English bilinguals (N=10) to test pre-attentive speech discrimination in two language contexts. ERPs were recorded while participants silently read magazines in English or Spanish. Two speech contrast conditions were recorded in each language context. In the phonemic in English condition, the speech(More)
Following presentation of brief, intense pure tones spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs) were reduced in frequency and/or amplitude. The effects were highly tuned with exposures between 1/8 and 5/8 of an octave below the SOAE producing the maximum changes. Exposure frequencies above the SOAE had no effect. The degree of tuning observed depended upon(More)
The auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) elicited by click stimuli were measured in heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual males and females having normal hearing sensitivity. Estimates of latency and/or amplitude were extracted for nine peaks having latencies of about 2–240 ms, which are presumed to correspond to populations of neurons located from the(More)
A proposal is made that 15 dB HL, rather than 25 dB HL, be considered the upper limit of normal hearing sensitivity. This recommendation is based on an explanation of the change from an earlier philosophy and the fact that so many people with hearing levels that average less than 25 dB HL consider themselves to have hearing difficulty. Such reclassification(More)
The overshoot effect was measured before, during, and after the administration of a moderate dose of aspirin. Prior to the drug, detectability of the 6-ms, 3550-Hz signal was 5-11 dB worse when presented 2 ms after the onset of the 200-ms wideband masking noise than when presented 190 ms after masker onset. Following 4 days of aspirin use, detectability in(More)