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The active zone is a specialized region of the presynaptic plasma membrane where synaptic vesicles dock and fuse. In this study, we have investigated the cellular mechanism underlying the transport and recruitment of the active zone protein Piccolo into nascent synapses. Our results show that Piccolo is transported to nascent synapses on an approximately 80(More)
Time-lapse microscopy, retrospective immunohistochemistry, and cultured hippocampal neurons were used to determine the time frame of individual glutamatergic synapse assembly and the temporal order in which specific molecules accumulate at new synaptic junctions. New presynaptic boutons capable of activity-evoked vesicle recycling were observed to form(More)
  • Bettina M. Müller, Ute Kistner, Stefan Kindler, Wook Joon Chung, Sven Kuhlendahl, Steven D. Fenster +5 others
  • 1996
Synapse-associated proteins (SAPs) are constituents of the pre- and postsynaptic submembraneous cytomatrix. Here, we present SAP102, a novel 102kDa SAP detected in dendritic shafts and spines of asymmetric type 1 synapses. SAP102 is enriched in preparations of synaptic junctions, where it biochemically behaves as a component of the cortical cytoskeleton.(More)
Regulation of AMPA receptor (AMPAR) trafficking is important for neural plasticity. Here we examined the trafficking and synthesis of the GluR1 and GluR2 subunits using ReAsH-EDT(2) and FlAsH-EDT(2) staining. Activity blockade of rat cultured neurons increased dendritic GluR1, but not GluR2, levels. Examination of transected dendrites revealed that both(More)
  • Steven D Fenster, Wook Joon Chung, Rong Zhai, Claudia Cases-Langhoff, Britta Voss, Abigail M Garner +4 others
  • 2000
Piccolo is a novel component of the presynaptic cytoskeletal matrix (PCM) assembled at the active zone of neurotransmitter release. Analysis of its primary structure reveals that Piccolo is a multidomain zinc finger protein structurally related to Bassoon, another PCM protein. Both proteins were found to be shared components of glutamatergic and GABAergic(More)
The formation of synapses in the vertebrate central nervous system is a complex process that occurs over a protracted period of development. Recent work has begun to unravel the mysteries of synaptogenesis, demonstrating the existence of multiple molecules that influence not only when and where synapses form but also synaptic specificity and stability. Some(More)
Recent studies indicate that active zones (AZs)-sites of neurotransmitter release-may be assembled from preassembled AZ precursor vesicles inserted into the presynaptic plasma membrane. Here we report that one putative AZ precursor vesicle of CNS synapses-the Piccolo-Bassoon transport vesicle (PTV)-carries a comprehensive set of AZ proteins genetically and(More)
SAP97 is a modular protein composed of three PDZ domains, an SH3 domain, and a guanylate kinase-like domain. It has been implicated functionally in the assembly and structural stability of synaptic junctions as well as in the trafficking, recruitment, and localization of specific ion channels and neurotransmitter receptors. The N terminus of SAP97 (S97N)(More)
  • Andreas M Grabrucker, Mary J Knight, Christian Proepper, Juergen Bockmann, Marisa Joubert, Magali Rowan +6 others
  • 2011
Neuronal morphology and number of synapses is not static, but can change in response to a variety of factors, a process called synaptic plasticity. These structural and molecular changes are believed to represent the basis for learning and memory, thereby underling both the developmental and activity-dependent remodelling of excitatory synapses. Here, we(More)