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This study responds to recent calls for information about how personal health expenditures from the National Health Expenditure Accounts are distributed across medical conditions. It provides annual estimates from 1996 through 2005 for thirty-two conditions mapped into thirteen all-inclusive diagnostic categories. Circulatory system spending was highest(More)
PURPOSE We estimate national health expenditures on prevention using precise definitions, a transparent methodology, and a subdivision of the estimates into components to aid researchers in applying their own concepts of prevention activities. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH We supplemented the National Health Expenditure Accounts (NHEA) with additional data to(More)
Cement kiln dust (CKD) is a fine-grained material produced during the manufacture of cement. Current reuse options are limited and the bulk of CKD not reused in the cement manufacturing process is sent to landfills or stored on-site. Due to the calcium oxide (CaO) content of CKD, it has the potential to be used as a replacement for lime in treating acidic(More)
Treatment wetlands can be a viable wastewater treatment option, especially in rural and remote regions where centralized wastewater treatment is not feasible. Bacteria fate and transport modeling within wetlands requires further development if they are to become a more reliable and predictable form of wastewater treatment. The goal of this paper was to(More)
A bleached kraft pulp mill in Nova Scotia has discharged effluent wastewater into Boat Harbour, a former tidal estuary within Pictou Landing First Nation since 1967. Fifty years of effluent discharge into Boat Harbour has created >170,000 m3 of unconsolidated sediment, impacted by inorganic and organic contaminants, including metal[loid]s, polycyclic(More)
Offshore oil and gas drilling operations generate significant amounts of drill mud waste, some of which is transported onshore for subsequent thermal treatment (i.e. via thermal remediation). This treatment process results in a mineral waste by-product (referred to as thermally treated drill mud waste; TTDMW). Bentonites are originally present in many of(More)
Biopiles can be used to dispose of slaughterhouse residuals (SLRs); however, the fate of pathogenic bacteria (e.g., pathogenic strains of , ) in these systems is not well understood. The transport of these bacteria in water leaching from the biopile could represent a significant contamination source. This research examined the transport of(More)
In Nova Scotia, Canada, contour trench disposal fields are the most common type of onsite wastewater system. In this study, two identical contour trench disposal fields were monitored for 3 yr to compare performance under gravity-fed versus periodically dosed loading conditions. Influent and effluent from both systems were analyzed for a suite of water(More)
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