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Lithium tetramethylcuprate(III), Me(4)CuLi, the Cu(III) analog of the Gilman reagent, has been prepared in high yield from halo-Gilman reagents Me(2)CuLi.LiX (X = Cl, Br, I) and 2,3-dichloropropene and found to have surprising thermal stability. The cyano-Gilman reagent (X = CN) follows a different pathway.
Urotropin (U) and azelaic acid (AA) form 1:1 co-crystals (UA) that give rise to a rather complex diffraction pattern, the main features of which are diffuse rods and bands in addition to the Bragg reflections. UA is characterized by solvent inclusions, parasite phases, and high vacancy and dislocation densities. These defects compounded with the pronounced… (More)
By using rapid injection NMR, it has now been possible to prepare and characterize the η(3) 'π-allyl' copper(III) intermediate that has been proposed for addition reactions of organocopper(I) reagents and α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds.
The first pi-allyl complexes of CuIII have been prepared and characterized by using rapid injection nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (RI-NMR). The prototype, (eta3-allyl)dimethylcopper(III), was prepared by injection of allyl chloride into a THF-d8 solution of iodo-Gilman reagent, Me2CuLi.LiI (A), spinning in the probe of an NMR spectrometer at -100… (More)
Upon rapid injection, a variety of thiocarbonyl compounds react with the Gilman reagent Me(2)CuLi at -100 degrees C inside the probe of an NMR spectrometer to give high yields of complexes. Typical examples of substrates include carbon disulfide, methyl dithioacetate, methyl dithiobenzoate, thiobenzophenone, ethylene trithiocarbonate, and phenyl… (More)
Grow slow: The usual direct treatment of MeLi and CuSPh did not yield X-ray quality crystals of MeCu(SPh)Li. An indirect method starting from Me2CuLi⋅LiSPh and chalcone afforded the desired crystals by the slow reaction of the intermediate π-complex (see scheme). This strategy produced the first X-ray crystal structure of a Posner cuprate. A complementary… (More)
Typical aldehydes and ketones form π complexes with Me2CuLi at low temperatures in tetrahydrofuran. They range in stability from fleeting intermediates at -100 °C to entities that persist up to -20 °C. Three subsequent reaction pathways have been identified.
Under the conditions of a rapid injection experiment, the conjugate addition reactions of butyl Gilman reagents with 2-cyclohexenone undergo oscillations of a complex nature.