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The formation of low-order oligomers of β-amyloid (Aβ) within the brain is widely believed to be a central component of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis. However, despite advances in high-throughput and high-resolution techniques such as xMAP and mass spectrometry (MS), investigations into these oligomeric species have remained reliant on(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1)-mediated epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) may contribute to lung fibrosis. Since PPAR gamma ligands have been shown to inhibit fibroblast activation by TGF-beta1, we assessed the ability of the thiazolidinediones rosiglitazone (RGZ) and ciglitazone (CGZ) to(More)
Bacterial biosynthesis of lysine has come under increased scrutiny as a target for novel antibacterial agents as it provides both lysine for protein synthesis and meso-diaminopimelate for construction of the bacterial peptidoglycan cell wall. Recent studies of the enzymes of the lysine biosynthetic pathway, development of inhibitors and investigations of(More)
Background: Transforming growth factor b1 (TGF-b1)-mediated epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) of alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) may contribute to lung fibrosis. Since PPARg ligands have been shown to inhibit fibroblast activation by TGF-b1, we assessed the ability of the thiazolidinediones rosiglitazone (RGZ) and ciglitazone (CGZ) to regulate(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common age-related dementia. Unfortunately due to a lack of validated biomarkers definitive diagnosis relies on the histological demonstration of amyloid-beta (Abeta) plaques and tau neurofibrillary tangles. Abeta processing is implicated in AD progression and many therapeutic strategies target various aspects of this(More)
[reaction: see text] An efficient synthesis of dityrosine and the first syntheses of the tyrosine trimers trityrosine and pulcherosine have been achieved. Protected 3-iodotyrosine underwent tandem Miyaura borylation-Suzuki coupling to give protected dityrosine. The choice of benzyl carbamate, ester, and ether protecting groups enabled a one-step global(More)
Bacterial biosynthesis of lysine has come under increased scrutiny as a target for novel antibacterial agents as it provides lysine for protein synthesis and both lysine and meso-diaminopimelate for construction of the bacterial peptidoglycan cell wall. In this Highlight article we review recent advances in the validation of antibiotic targets, studies of(More)
Bacillus anthracis is a Gram-positive spore-forming bacterium that is the causative agent of anthrax disease. The use of anthrax as a bioweapon has increased pressure for the development of an effective treatment. Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthetic pathway yielding two essential bacterial metabolites,(More)
Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) is a key enzyme in lysine biosynthesis and an important antibiotic target. The specificity of a range of heterocyclic product analogues against DHDPS from three pathogenic species, Bacillus anthracis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and the evolutionarily related(More)