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The RGS7 (R7) family of RGS proteins bound to the divergent Gbeta subunit Gbeta5 is a crucial regulator of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling in the visual and nervous systems. Here, we identify R7BP, a novel neuronally expressed protein that binds R7-Gbeta5 complexes and shuttles them between the plasma membrane and nucleus. Regional expression of(More)
Recent cloning of a family of genes encoding inwardly rectifying K+ channels has provided the opportunity to explain some venerable problems in membrane biology. An expanding number of novel inwardly rectifying K+ channel clones has revealed multiple channel subfamilies that have specialized roles in cell function. The molecular determinants of inward(More)
G protein-gated inward rectifier K+ (GIRK) channels mediate hyperpolarizing postsynaptic potentials in the nervous system and in the heart during activation of Galpha(i/o)-coupled receptors. In neurons and cardiac atrial cells the time course for receptor-mediated GIRK current deactivation is 20-40 times faster than that observed in heterologous systems(More)
Discovery of "regulators of G-protein signaling" (RGS) as GTPase-activating proteins for heterotrimeric G proteins has provided a highly sought "missing link," reconciling past discrepancies between the in vitro GTPase activity of purified G proteins and the kinetics of physiological responses mediated by G-protein signaling in vivo. With the number of RGS(More)
'Regulators of G protein Signalling' (RGSs) accelerate the activation and deactivation kinetics of G protein-gated inwardly rectifying K(+) (GIRK) channels. In an apparent paradox, RGSs do not reduce steady-state GIRK current amplitudes as expected from the accelerated rate of deactivation when reconstituted in Xenopus oocytes. We present evidence here that(More)
The RGS7 (R7) family of G protein regulators, Gbeta5, and R7BP form heterotrimeric complexes that potently regulate the kinetics of G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Reversible palmitoylation of R7BP regulates plasma membrane/nuclear shuttling of R7*Gbeta5*R7BP heterotrimers. Here we have investigated mechanisms whereby R7BP controls the function of the(More)
"Regulators of G protein signaling" (RGS proteins) have profound effects on ion channels regulated by G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling, including the G protein-gated inwardly rectifying K+ (GIRK) channels that inhibit excitability of neuronal, endocrine, and cardiac cells. Here we describe the effects of an alternatively spliced "short" RGS3(More)
G protein-gated inward rectifier K+ channel subunits 1-4 (GIRK1-4) have been cloned from neuronal and atrial tissue and function as heterotetramers. To examine the inhibition of neuronal excitation by GIRKs, we overexpressed GIRKs in cultured hippocampal neurons from 18 day rat embryos, which normally lack or show low amounts of GIRK protein and currents.(More)
The voltage-, time-, and K(+)-dependent properties of a G protein-activated inwardly rectifying K+ channel (GIRK1/KGA/Kir3.1) cloned from rat atrium were studied in Xenopus oocytes under two-electrode voltage clamp. During maintained G protein activation and in the presence of high external K+ (VK = 0 mV), voltage jumps from VK to negative membrane(More)
Ion channels and G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are integral transmembrane proteins vital to a multitude of cell signaling and physiological functions. Members of these large protein families are known to interact directly with various intracellular protein partners in a dynamic and isoform-dependent manner, ultimately shaping their life cycle and(More)