Craig A. Doupnik

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The RGS7 (R7) family of RGS proteins bound to the divergent Gbeta subunit Gbeta5 is a crucial regulator of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling in the visual and nervous systems. Here, we identify R7BP, a novel neuronally expressed protein that binds R7-Gbeta5 complexes and shuttles them between the plasma membrane and nucleus. Regional expression of(More)
A major Grb2-associated binder-1 (Gab1) binding partner in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated cells is protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) SHP2, which contains tandem SH2 domains. The SHP2 PTPase activity is required for activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) subfamily of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase by EGF. To(More)
Recent cloning of a family of genes encoding inwardly rectifying K+ channels has provided the opportunity to explain some venerable problems in membrane biology. An expanding number of novel inwardly rectifying K+ channel clones has revealed multiple channel subfamilies that have specialized roles in cell function. The molecular determinants of inward(More)
G protein-gated inward rectifier K1 (GIRK) channels mediate hyperpolarizing postsynaptic potentials in the nervous system and in the heart during activation of Ga(iyo)-coupled receptors. In neurons and cardiac atrial cells the time course for receptor-mediated GIRK current deactivation is 20–40 times faster than that observed in heterologous systems(More)
G protein-gated inward rectifier K+ (GIRK) channels mediate hyperpolarizing postsynaptic potentials in the nervous system and in the heart during activation of Galpha(i/o)-coupled receptors. In neurons and cardiac atrial cells the time course for receptor-mediated GIRK current deactivation is 20-40 times faster than that observed in heterologous systems(More)
G protein-gated inward rectifier K+ channel subunits 1-4 (GIRK1-4) have been cloned from neuronal and atrial tissue and function as heterotetramers. To examine the inhibition of neuronal excitation by GIRKs, we overexpressed GIRKs in cultured hippocampal neurons from 18 day rat embryos, which normally lack or show low amounts of GIRK protein and currents.(More)
The RGS7 (R7) family of G protein regulators, Gbeta5, and R7BP form heterotrimeric complexes that potently regulate the kinetics of G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Reversible palmitoylation of R7BP regulates plasma membrane/nuclear shuttling of R7*Gbeta5*R7BP heterotrimers. Here we have investigated mechanisms whereby R7BP controls the function of the(More)
'Regulators of G protein signaling' (RGS proteins) are members of a large family of GTPase-activating proteins that are differentially expressed in various cell types and accelerate the termination of heterotrimeric G protein signaling. To identify RGS proteins that may affect autonomic regulation of atrial excitability, we screened the expression of(More)
Discovery of "regulators of G-protein signaling" (RGS) as GTPase-activating proteins for heterotrimeric G proteins has provided a highly sought "missing link," reconciling past discrepancies between the in vitro GTPase activity of purified G proteins and the kinetics of physiological responses mediated by G-protein signaling in vivo. With the number of RGS(More)
The effects of G-protein activation were investigated on tonic, large depolarization-induced Ca2+ channel facilitation in cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Under whole-cell voltage clamp, activation of G proteins by intracellular dialysis with 200 μM GTP-γS did not significantly affect prepulse facilitation or whole-cell Ba2+ current (I Ba) density.(More)