Coy D. Fitch

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To evaluate how chloroquine kills malaria parasites, hemoglobin catabolism was studied at the various stages of intraerythrocytic parasite development. We found that hemoglobin catabolism is switched off whenPlasmodium falciparum parasites mature to the late trophozoite or early schizont stages and is switched on again during the ring stage. When hemoglobin(More)
Two subclasses of quinoline antimalarial drugs are used clinically. Both act on the endolysosomal system of malaria parasites, but in different ways. Treatment with 4-aminoquinoline drugs, such as chloroquine, causes morphologic changes and hemoglobin accumulation in endocytic vesicles. Treatment with quinoline-4-methanol drugs, such as quinine and(More)
Approximately 70% of the initial ferriprotoporphyrin IX polymerizing activity in cell-free preparations of erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium berghei was recovered in a chloroform extract. No polymerizing activity remained in the residue. In studies to identify substances that promote FP polymerization, arachidonic, linoleic, oleic, and palmitoleic(More)
Synchronized Plasmodium falciparum parasites were grown in erythrocytic culture for measurement of malaria pigment (hemozoin) production using a simple method based on the insolubility of beta-hematin, the principal pigment of hemozoin. In the last 44 h of the life cycle, one strain (chloroquine-susceptible) incorporated an average of 960 pmol of(More)
A consistent group of progressive central and peripheral nervous system lesions developed in seven rhesus monkeys maintained on a vitamin E-deficient diet for 30 to 33 months. These lesions were absent from vitamin E-supplemented monkeys. The principal neuropathologic alteration was loss of sensory axons in the posterior columns, sensory roots, and(More)
Malaria parasites isolated from mouse erythrocytes are lysed by ferriprotoporphyrin IX chloride (hemin) or by a chloroquine-hemin complex in amounts that could be produced by release of less than 0.1 percent of the heme in erythrocytic hemoglobin. This effect of hemin may explain the protection against malaria provided by thalassemia and other conditions(More)
To demonstrate the importance of creatine and phosphocreatine in skeletal muscle during periods of metabolic stress, thyrotoxicosis was induced in mice fed the creatine transport inhibitor, beta-guanidinopropionic acid (beta-GPA). Adding 2% of beta-GPA to the diet of normal mice inhibited weight gain and caused a 75% reduction of creatine and(More)
To evaluate phosphorylated beta-guanidinopropionate (beta-GPAP) as a substitute for phosphocreatine (PC), hypoxic tibialis anterior muscles were stimulated to contract isometrically in situ until twitch tension fell to 25 percent of the peak value. Muscles from rats fed beta-guanidinopropionic acid (beta-GPA) failed to exhibit the staircase phenomenon, and(More)
To evaluate the state of ferriprotoporphyrin IX (FP) in malaria pigment, mouse erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium berghei NYU-2 parasites were lysed by hypotonic shock, and hemoglobin and other soluble material were removed by extensive washing. The amount of FP recovered in the insoluble pellet was 2.1 mumol/ml of packed infected erythrocytes, of which(More)