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BACKGROUND To test the hypothesis that the heat shock response is associated with improved myocardial salvage after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, rats treated with prior whole-body hyperthermia and 24 hours of recovery (n = 26) or 20 minutes of ischemic pretreatment and 8 hours of recovery (n = 24) and control rats (n = 27, n = 24, for hyperthermic(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that induction of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 by whole-body hyperthermia reduces infarct size in an in vivo model of ischemia and reperfusion. Furthermore, hearts obtained from transgenic mice that overexpress HSP72 demonstrate improved functional recovery and decreased infarct size in vitro after global(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has been epidemiologically linked to death from ischemic heart disease in nonsmokers. In this study, we evaluated the influence of 3 days, 3 weeks, and 6 weeks of ETS exposure on myocardial infarct size in a rat ischemia/reperfusion model. METHODS AND RESULTS Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to ETS (four(More)
The current study tested the concept that cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and phosphorus-31 MR spectroscopy might be used to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the functional and metabolic status of the myocardium in humans. Thirteen patients with congestive cardiomyopathy and eight healthy volunteers were imaged at 1.5 T with the one-dimensional(More)
BACKGROUND Although previous investigators have demonstrated that myocardial preconditioning reduces infarct size, the mechanisms of cardioprotection associated with preconditioning are not completely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS To test the hypothesis that preconditioning (four 5-minute episodes of ischemia each followed by 5 minutes of reperfusion)(More)
The validity of geometric formulas to derive mass and volumes in the morphologically abnormal left ventricle is problematic. Imaging techniques that are tomographic and therefore inherently three-dimensional should be more reliable and reproducible between studies in such ventricles. Determination of reproducibility between studies is essential to define(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that heat-shock treatment results in the induction of 72-kD heat-shock protein (HSP72) and a reduction of infarct size after subsequent ischemia and reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS To test the hypothesis that the degree of protection from ischemic injury in heat-shocked rats correlates with the degree of(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether sodium dichloroacetate improves hemodynamic performance and mechanical efficiency in congestive heart failure. BACKGROUND Congestive heart failure is associated with impaired hemodynamic performance and reduced mechanical efficiency. Dichloroacetate stimulates pyruvate dehydrogenase activity by(More)
This study examined the effects of L-arginine on myocardial infarct size, hemodynamics, and vascular reactivity in environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)-exposed and non-ETS-exposed rats. We previously demonstrated that exposure to ETS increased myocardial infarct size in a rat model of ischemia and reperfusion. If reduced reperfusion was caused by endothelial(More)
To test the hypothesis that single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) might permit accurate, noninvasive measurement of LV mass, SPECT measurements of LV mass to LV weight were compared in 20 mongrel dogs. Projection images of the left ventricle were acquired after intravenous injection of thallium-201 (TI-201). Transverse sections were(More)