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Persons with non-A, non-B hepatitis (cases) identified in 5 transfusion studies in the early 1970s have been followed ever since and compared for outcome with matched, transfused, non-hepatitis controls from the same studies. Previously, we reported no difference in all-cause mortality but slightly increased liver-related mortality between these cohorts(More)
Seven psoas bursae filled with purulent fluid and inspissated debris were revealed at revision operations for failed resurfacing hip arthroplasties, an incidence of 5.8% in such revisions. Histological and microbiological investigations demonstrated that the psoas bursa collections resulted from the tissue response to polyethylene wear debris. None was due(More)
Exogenous GH can affect central nervous system function when given peripherally to animals and as a supplemental therapy to humans. This study tested whether GH crosses the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by a specific transport system and found that both mice and rats have small but significant uptake of GH into the brain without a species difference. Determined(More)
This study has determined the natural frequency and localization of progenitor/stem cells within fat depots in situ based on their ability to retain DNA nucleotide label (BrdU). Neonate and mature male C57BL6/J mice were injected intraperitoneally with BrdU- and label-retaining cells (LRC) were quantified in fat depots by immunohistochemical,(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) crosses the normal blood-brain and blood-spinal cord barrier (BBB) by a saturable transport system [Pan, W., Kastin, A.J., Brennan, J.M., 2000. Saturable entry of leukemia inhibitory factor from blood to the central nervous system. J. Neuroimmunol. 106, 172-180]. Since LIF is a cytokine beneficial to spinal cord(More)
The agouti viable yellow (A vy) spontaneous mutation generates an unusual mouse phenotype of agouti-colored coat and adult-onset obesity with metabolic syndrome. Persistent production of agouti signaling protein in A vy mice antagonizes melanocortin receptors in the hypothalamus. To determine how this disruption of neuroendocrine circuits affects leptin(More)
The records of all cases of injury to the cervical spine sustained in road crashes for the 6 year period (1 January 1981 to 31 December 1986) which were admitted to the Spinal Injuries Unit of the Royal Adelaide Hospital, to the Adelaide Children's Hospital, or were identified at post-mortem examination were examined, and the relevant data extracted. There(More)
OBJECTIVES Several studies have suggested the efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) to play a role in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease through the clearance of amyloid beta (Aβ) from the brain. In this study, we aimed to investigate the possibility of P-gp as a potential therapeutic target for Alzheimer's disease by examining the impact of P-gp(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), mainly produced and acting in the periphery, attenuates cerebral ischemia-induced cell death and thus shows therapeutic potential in CNS regeneration. Accordingly, we tested its ability to permeate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). HGF was stable in the circulating blood of adult mice for up to 20 min, as HPLC showed intact(More)
The blood concentration of agouti-related protein (AgRP), a protein related to hyperphagia and obesity, is increased in obese human and fasted lean subjects. Because there is no saturable transport system at the blood-brain barrier for circulating AgRP to reach its central nervous system target, uptake of AgRP by peripheral organs might be physiologically(More)