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Exogenous GH can affect central nervous system function when given peripherally to animals and as a supplemental therapy to humans. This study tested whether GH crosses the blood-brain barrier (BBB) by a specific transport system and found that both mice and rats have small but significant uptake of GH into the brain without a species difference. Determined(More)
The agouti viable yellow (A vy) spontaneous mutation generates an unusual mouse phenotype of agouti-colored coat and adult-onset obesity with metabolic syndrome. Persistent production of agouti signaling protein in A vy mice antagonizes melanocortin receptors in the hypothalamus. To determine how this disruption of neuroendocrine circuits affects leptin(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) crosses the normal blood-brain and blood-spinal cord barrier (BBB) by a saturable transport system [Pan, W., Kastin, A.J., Brennan, J.M., 2000. Saturable entry of leukemia inhibitory factor from blood to the central nervous system. J. Neuroimmunol. 106, 172-180]. Since LIF is a cytokine beneficial to spinal cord(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), mainly produced and acting in the periphery, attenuates cerebral ischemia-induced cell death and thus shows therapeutic potential in CNS regeneration. Accordingly, we tested its ability to permeate the blood-brain barrier (BBB). HGF was stable in the circulating blood of adult mice for up to 20 min, as HPLC showed intact(More)
The blood concentration of agouti-related protein (AgRP), a protein related to hyperphagia and obesity, is increased in obese human and fasted lean subjects. Because there is no saturable transport system at the blood-brain barrier for circulating AgRP to reach its central nervous system target, uptake of AgRP by peripheral organs might be physiologically(More)
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