Courtney E Leik

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A simple and economical technique was developed to isolate and culture human arterial smooth muscle cells from chorionic plate vessels. Placentas from healthy women were collected at the time of term delivery. Chorionic plate arteries were identified, excised, and cut into small pieces. An explant technique was used to grow cultures of placental arterial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Liver X receptors (LXRs) activate genes that regulate lipid and cholesterol metabolism. LXR agonists were shown recently to also increase murine renin gene expression in vivo. To further examine a link between lipid metabolism, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system and blood pressure regulation, we investigated the effect of a LXR(More)
BACKGROUND Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is integrally involved in tumorigenesis by impacting on both proteolytic activity and cell migration during angiogenesis. OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that an orally active small molecule inhibitor of PAI-1 (PAI-039; tiplaxtinin) could affect smooth muscle cell (SMC) attachment and migration in vitro on a(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of a novel small molecule plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) inhibitor on adipose tissue physiology was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS In human preadipocyte cultures, PAI-039 inhibited both basal and glucose-stimulated increases in active PAI-1 antigen, yet had no effect on PAI-1 mRNA, suggesting a direct inactivation of(More)
We examined if there is systemic vascular inflammation and neutrophil infiltration in women with preeclampsia. Resistance-sized vessels (10 to 200 microm) of subcutaneous fat were evaluated from normal nonpregnant women, normal pregnant women, and preeclamptic women. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for: (1) interleukin-8 (IL-8), a potent(More)
Obesity has become epidemic worldwide and is especially pronounced in women of reproductive age, which is important because obesity is a major risk factor for preeclampsia and chronic hypertension. We hypothesized that vascular inflammation is critical to the pathophysiology of hypertension in obese individuals because obesity and hypertensive disorders(More)
Under high shear arterial blood flow von Willebrand Factor (vWF) binds the platelet receptor glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha, leading to platelet adhesion, activation and thrombosis. Blockade of vWF-GPIb alpha interactions by GPG-290 was investigated in a canine model of coronary artery thrombosis alone and in combination with clopidogrel. GPG-290 (100 microg/kg,(More)
OBJECTIVE Preeclampsia is associated with oxidative stress, elevated plasma levels of linoleic acid (LA), and increased vascular smooth muscle expression of the inflammatory chemokine, interleukin-8 (IL-8). We hypothesized that increased levels of LA under conditions of oxidative stress would increased production of IL-8 by vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the current study was to determine if neutrophils infiltrate maternal systemic vascular tissue at the time of term labor. METHODS Subcutaneous fat biopsies were obtained at cesarean delivery or abdominal surgery from laboring women (n = 5), non-laboring women (n = 5), and normal non-pregnant women (n = 5). Immunohistochemical(More)
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