Courtland L . Smith

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It has been recognized for some time that bacterial species exist in complexes in subgingival plaque. The purpose of the present investigation was to attempt to define such communities using data from large numbers of plaque samples and different clustering and ordination techniques. Subgingival plaque samples were taken from the mesial aspect of each tooth(More)
To evaluate the utility of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) as a cancer therapeutic, we created leucine zipper (LZ) forms of human (hu) and murine (mu) TRAIL to promote and stabilize the formation of trimers. Both were biologically active, inducing apoptosis of both human and murine target cells in vitro with similar specific(More)
Charybdotoxin (CTX), a small, basic protein from scorpion venom, strongly inhibits the conduction of K ions through high-conductance, Ca2+-activated K+ channels. The interaction of CTX with Ca2+-activated K+ channels from rat skeletal muscle plasma membranes was studied by inserting single channels into uncharged planar phospholipid bilayers. CTX blocks K+(More)
A clinically applicable, standardized method for assessing functional results after lung transplantation is required to evaluate factors that may affect long-term outcome, to permit comparison of results from different centers, and to evaluate results of clinical trials. An ad hoc working group was established under the auspices of the International Society(More)
The leukemic stem cells in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are well known to be clinically resistant to conventional chemotherapy and may also be relatively resistant to BCR-ABL-targeted drugs. Here we show that the lesser effect of imatinib mesylate (IM) on the 3-week output of cells produced in vitro from lin(-)CD34(+)CD38(-) CML (stem) cells(More)
Because hematopoietic stem cells are rich in aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, we developed a fluorescent substrate for ALDH, termed BODIPY aminoacetaldehyde (BAAA), and tested its potential for isolating primitive human hematopoietic cells. A population of cells with low orthogonal light scattering and bright fluorescence intensity (SSC(lo)ALDH(br)(More)
Using a cytochemical approach, we examined the role of tissue transglutaminase (tTgase, Type II) in the incorporation of latent TGF-beta binding protein-1 (LTBP-1) in the extracellular matrix of Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts in which tTgase expression can be modulated through a tetracycline-controlled promoter. Increased tTgase expression led to an increased rate(More)
Total allelic relationship (TA) as a possible alternative to the pedigree-derived additive genetic relationship (RA) is defined. The TA measures the actual allelic identity between individuals for loci segregating for the trait concerned. Its value was studied by simulation in populations of different family structure, different numbers of loci, different(More)
Novel methodological approaches to the investigation of brain and non-central nervous system disorders have led to increased demand for well-characterized, high quality human tissue samples, particularly from control cases. In the setting of the new Human Tissue legislation, we sought to determine whether relatives who have been suddenly bereaved are(More)