Costas Papatheodoropoulos

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Tetanic stimulation of Schaffer collaterals in the CA1 region of transverse slices, taken from the septal (dorsal) part of young rat hippocampus, produced N-Methyl-D-aspartate-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) of the rising slope of excitatory postsynaptic potential (mean 38%). Under identical conditions of stimulation (100 Hz, 1 s) slices taken from(More)
Evidence accumulating during the past few years points to a significant role of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) enzymatic activity in synaptic plasticity and cognitive processes. We have previously demonstrated that MMP9 is involved in receptor-mediated α-secretase-like cleavage of APP in vitro, resulting in increased secretion of sAPPα, the soluble(More)
Several studies have demonstrated anatomical and functional segregation along the dorsoventral axis of the hippocampus. This study examined the possible differences in the AMPA and NMDA receptor subunit composition and receptor binding parameters between dorsal and ventral hippocampus, since several evidence suggest diversification of NMDA(More)
Sharp wave-ripple (SPW-R) complexes are physiological pattern of network activity in the hippocampus thought to play important role in memory consolidation. During SPW-R activity the excitability of both pyramidal cells and certain types of interneurons in the CA1 region is transiently increased. As a result pyramidal cells receive inhibitory input during(More)
Two forms of short-term synaptic plasticity (STP), paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) and frequency potentiation (FP) of CA1 field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSP) to afferent stimulation were compared in slices taken from the dorsal and ventral parts of rat hippocampus. While dorsal slices showed significant PPF at all interpulse intervals (20-1400(More)
Field potential and extracellular [K(+)] ([K(+)](o)) recordings were made in the human neocortex in an in vitro slice preparation to study the synchronous activity that occurs in the presence of 4-aminopyridine (50 microM) and ionotropic excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists. Under these experimental conditions, negative or negative-positive field(More)
Recent data demonstrate weaker gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic inhibition in ventral (VH) compared with dorsal (DH) hippocampus. Therefore, we examined possible differences regarding the GABAA receptors between VH and DH as follows: 1) the expression of the GABAA receptor subunits (alpha1/2/4/5, beta1/2/3, gamma2, delta) mRNA and protein and 2) the(More)
The present study shows that adult rat transverse slices from the ventral hippocampus perfused with standard medium persistently generate spontaneous synchronous field potentials. In CA1 st. pyramidale this regular ventral hippocampus spontaneous synchronous activity (VHSSA) was positive with mean amplitude 0.18 +/- 0.02 mV (n=80 slices) and occurred every(More)
Sharp waves and the concurrent high-frequency "ripple" oscillation (100-200 Hz) is a prominent intrinsic hippocampal network activity that occurs during slow-wave sleep and resting wakefulness with an important role in memory processes. Present data suggest that the generation of sharp wave-ripple (SWRs) requires a complex interaction between the various(More)
Functional segregation along the dorso-ventral axis of the hippocampus is a developing concept. The higher susceptibility of the ventral hippocampus to epileptic activity compared with dorsal hippocampus is one of the main features, which still has obscure mechanisms. Using the model of magnesium-free medium and field recordings, single epileptiform(More)