Costas B. Tsiamis

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BACKGROUND This study aims at showing the effect of hypokinesia (HK) on sodium (Na+) loss with different muscle Na+ deficiency and different Na+ intake. Muscle Na+ content, plasma Na+ level and Na+ loss with and without Na+ supplementation were measured. METHODS This study was conducted on 40 healthy male volunteers during a pre-experimental and an(More)
OBJECTIVE To show the effect of hypokinesia (HK; diminished movement) on magnesium (Mg2+) loss in Mg2+ deficient subjects and the effect of physical exercise and on Mg2+ deficiency with and without physical exercise: Mg2+ balance, serum Mg2+ concentration and Mg2+ loss were measured. METHODS Studies were conducted on 30 healthy male volunteers during a(More)
In 1905, a group of eminent Greek physicians led by Professor of Hygiene and Microbiology Constantinos Savvas and the pediatrician Dr. Ioannis Kardamatis founded the Greek Anti-Malaria League. The League assumed a role that the State would not, and for the next 25 years organized the country's anti-malaria campaign. During its first steps, the Greek(More)
The objective of this study was to show that prolonged restriction of motor activity (hypokinesia) could reduce phosphate (P) deposition and contribute to P loss with tissue P depletion. To this end, measurements were made of tissue P content, P absorption, plasma P levels, urinary and fecal P excretion of rats during and after hypokinesia (HK) and daily(More)
Dromokaition Psychiatric Hospital opened its doors in 1887, following the donation made by Zorzis Dromokaitis from the island of Chios. Private donations and all forms of charities had contributed to a large extent in the establishment of hospitals across Greece, during the late 19th and the early 20th century. Dromokaition was one of them but it was also(More)
OBJECTIVE We attempt to present and analyze suicidal behaviour in the ancient Greek and Roman world. METHODS Drawing information from ancient Greek and Latin sources (History, Philosophy, Medicine, Literature, Visual Arts) we aim to point out psychological and social aspects of suicidal behaviour in antiquity. RESULTS The shocking exposition of suicides(More)
The aim of this study is to present the sea and land commercial routes of the Byzantine Egypt and their role in the dissemination of the plague bacteria Yersinia pestis from the Red Sea to Mediterranean ports. The Mediterranean port of Pelusium was considered as the starting point of the first plague pandemic, according to the historical and archaeological(More)
The first dynasty in Greece after its independence in 1830 was founded in 1833 with Otto, the son of Ludwig I of Bavaria. In 1836 Otto married Amalia, the daughter of the Grand Duke of Oldenburg. The people of Greece anticipated that the marriage would result in an heir to the throne, establishing the new dynasty. The failure of the royal couple to produce(More)
A little-known effort to conduct biological warfare occurred during the 17th century. The incident transpired during the Venetian–Ottoman War, when the city of Candia (now Heraklion, Greece) was under siege by the Ottomans (1648–1669). The data we describe, obtained from the Archives of the Venetian State, are related to an operation organized by the(More)
This review presents the medical and social role of British military doctors in the formation of the British sanitary campaign in the Ionian Islands during the period 1815-1864. They were the core of a health system based on the old sanitary model of the Venetian Republic, which was the former ruler of the region. The British innovation and reorganisation(More)