Costantinos Simopoulos

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c-erbB-2-positive breast carcinomas are highly aggressive tumors. In vitro data on breast cell lines showed that c-erbB-2 enhanced translational efficiency of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF1alpha) production (Laughner et al., Mol Cell Biol 2001;21:3995-4005). We investigated the clinical correlate of this observation to assess whether c-erbB-2(More)
BACKGROUND The complex effect on anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) monoclonal antibodies on the tumor vasculature urges studies to identify the optimal time frames for the administration of such agents with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Using CT scan functional imaging, we examined the perfusion changes of contrast(More)
Anemia has been implicated in the decreased oxygen tension noted within the tumor environment. In a series of 79 colorectal adenocarcinomas we investigated the role of anemia in activating molecular pathways regulated by hypoxia. Preoperative Hb levels were correlated with the immunohistochemical expression of HIF1alpha and HIF2alpha, LDH5, GLUT1, VEGF,(More)
Lactate dehydrogenase 5 (LDH5) is one of the five LDH isoenzymes and, apparently, the most important for promoting anaerobic glycolysis. LDH5 is transcriptionally regulated by the hypoxia inducible factors (HIF) 1α and 2α. In this study, the possible aggressive advantages that colorectal tumours may gain from a high LDH5 content was investigated. To this(More)
Purpose: The cytoprotective mechanism of amifostine (WR-2721) implies free radical scavenging and DNA repair activities. We investigated additional cytoprotective pathways involving intracellular hypoxia and the activation of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway, a key transcription factor regulating glycolysis, angiogenesis and apoptosis, which is(More)
Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery is an evolution of laparoscopic surgery aiming at decreasing the patient’s parietal trauma associated with abdominal operations. LESS has been found so far to be efficient and have the same good results as the standard four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy. α-Defensins are antimicrobial peptides of the organism.(More)
This study gives an insight into tumor metabolic activity by investigating oxygen and glucose content, together with their metabolic products carbon dioxide and acids-pH, in the arterial and venous blood of a tumor. Nineteen patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas undergoing surgery were studied. Biochemical analysis showed that in a large subgroup(More)
OBJECTIVES Trastuzumab, an antic-erbB-2 monoclonal antibody, has become a standard component of chemotherapy for c-erbB-2-positive advanced breast carcinoma. Despite the experimental evidence of its radiosensitizing properties, trastuzumab has never been used in combination with radiotherapy for the treatment of patients with locally advanced disease. (More)
INTRODUCTION The i.v. administration of the cytoprotective agent amifostine is associated with reversible clinical hypotension, protracted emesis, and malaise in a various percentage of patients. We evaluated, prospectively, whether the s.c. route is a better tolerated alternative to the i.v. route in patients receiving chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Experimental studies suggest that the FAS/APO-1/CD95 (cytokine receptor protein TNF-receptor superfamily, member 6) cell surface molecule is involved in the apoptotic effect of radiotherapy. In this study we investigated the role of amifostine in protecting the CD95+ (CD: cluster of differentiation) lymphocytic subpopulation in patients with head(More)