Costantino Del Gaudio

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The main purpose of this study is to reproduce in silico the dynamics of a bileaflet mechanical heart valve (MHV; St Jude Hemodynamic Plus, 27mm characteristic size) by means of a fully implicit fluid-structure interaction (FSI) method, and experimentally validate the results using an ultrafast cinematographic technique. The computational model was(More)
Prosthetic heart valves (PHVs) are engineered devices used for replacing diseased natural cardiac valves. This article presents several investigational techniques for the evaluation of the performance of these clinical devices, whose implantation is not completely free of drawbacks. The state-of-the-art in the technological approach for PHV testing is(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Simulation of the opening and closure dynamics of a mechanical valve through a moving deforming mesh algorithm presents a challenge because of the large rotations of the leaflet and of the small gaps between the housing and the leaflets, which make remeshing a critical issue. The present study offers a computational approach(More)
With the increasing use of artificial organs, blood damage has been raising ever more clinical concern. Blood trauma is in fact a major complication resulting from the implantation of medical devices and the use of life support apparatuses. Red blood cells damage predictive models furnish critical information on both the design and the evaluation of(More)
It is commonly stated that tissue engineering is the most promising approach to treat or replace failing tissues/organs. For this aim, a specific strategy should be planned including proper selection of biomaterials, fabrication techniques, cell lines, and signaling cues. A great effort has been pursued to develop suitable scaffolds for the restoration of a(More)
A three-dimensional, realistic model of an aortic mechanical heart valve and Valsalva sinuses was developed to predict, by means of a numerical time dependent simulation, the flow field during a fraction of the systolic period. The numeric simulation was performed upon a model of valve similar to a Carbomedics 27 mm placed in a physiologic aortic root(More)
Electrical and mechanical characterizations of YBCO coated conductors diffusion joints obtained in a 2 mm wide, Cu stabilizer free commercial tape provided by Superpower Inc. were reported. Two conductor pieces were overlapped for a length of 20 mm and kept in contact under a pressure as high as 80 MPa. A face-to-face approach was used, with or without an(More)
Decellularized tissues and organs represent a suitable option for tissue engineering when specific scaffolds are needed. However, the optimal conditions to completely remove all the cellular components and minimally affect the biochemical and structural properties of the extracellular matrix are still to be found. For this aim, bioreactors could be an(More)
Currently marketed mechanical or biological prosthetic heart valves are regarded as valid substitutes for native heart valves suffering from degenerative pathologies. These devices require strict follow-up due to dysfunctions or post-surgical complications. Potential drawbacks of these medical devices are calcification, tearing of the cusps, thromboembolism(More)
Bioengineered tissues created for transplant will be expected to survive and contribute to function over the lifetime of the individual. To evaluate potential intrinsic changes and degradation of the extracellular matrix of decellularized human tissue scaffolds, human decellularized tracheas were evaluated over a one year period in vitro. Human tracheas(More)