Costante Ceccarini

Learn More
There are major disparities in drug and vaccine development for diseases that mainly affect the developing world, as opposed to those that affect industrialised nations. From the time of introduction of a new vaccine in Europe or the USA, the adoption of these vaccines in developing countries takes a decade or more. For example, hepatitis B vaccine and(More)
1) Both the growth rate and the maximum population density of several normal, virus-transformed, and cancer cells were markedly pH-dependent; the optimum varied from pH 6.9 to 7.8. At the optimum pH, some diploid human cells attained population densities comparable to those of cancer or virus-transformed cells. Contact inhibition of growth is facilitated by(More)
The plating efficiencies of two cell lines (HeLa-AT and WI26 Va) and one cell strain (KL2) appeared to be optimal at pH 7.6. At the optimal pH, using organic buffers, the serum concentration could be reduced by one-half without affecting the initial growth rate or the final population density of the human skin fibroblast strain, KL2. It is suggested that an(More)
We recently described the use of ion exchange chromatography for analysis and the industrial scale preparation of pools of oligosaccharides of intermediate chain length from polysaccharides of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Neisseria meningitidis groups A and C. These negatively charged "sized" oligosaccharides are activated and conjugated to the(More)
BACKGROUND Polysaccharide vaccines had been used to control African meningitis epidemics for >30 years but with little or modest success, largely because of logistical problems in the implementation of reactive vaccination campaigns that are begun after epidemics are under way. After the major group A meningococcal meningitis epidemics in 1996-1997 (250,000(More)
We have previously reported that concanavalin A (ConA) is precipitated by a high mannose type glycopeptide (Brewer, C. F. (1979) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 90, 117-122; Bhattacharyya, L., and Brewer, C. F. (1986) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 137, 670-674). In the present study, we have investigated the ability of a series of high mannose and bisected(More)
We have developed a chromatographic method suitable for the fractionation of polysaccharides having a negatively charged group. The method permits the removal of all those polysaccharide fragments having a short sequence and which are likely unsuitable for conjugate vaccine construction. The selected polysaccharide fragments can be used to produce(More)
Purified secondary cultures of mouse Schwann cells (less than 5% fibroblast contamination) have been obtained by taking advantage of the differential adhesion of Schwann cells and fibroblasts during trypsinization. The growth properties of the purified subcultures changed with time in culture. Cells passaged after 5 days in vitro (DIV) divided rapidly(More)
Low concentrations ofcycloheximide, sufficient to block net protein synthesis in growing normal and cancer cells, had no effect on protein turnover, i.e. either the incorporation of labeled amino acids from media lacking other amino acids essential for growth, or the loss to the medium of amino acids from prelabeled cells. At the concentrations that blocked(More)