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The antimicrobial activity of a methanol extract and isolated constituents of Mitracarpus scaber, a species used in folk medicine by West African native people, was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans strains. The mitracarpus methanol extract possesses both antibacterial and antimycotic activities (minimum inhibitory(More)
Twenty-four saponins have been identified in alfalfa roots, including 13 medicagenic acids, 2 zanhic acids, 4 hederagenins, 1 soyasapogenol A, 2 soyasapogenol B's, 1 soyasapogenol E, and 1 bayogenin glycoside. Ten of the identified compounds, including 3-O-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->3)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-28-O-beta-D- glucopyranoside medicagenate,(More)
Two new sesquiterpene coumarins, named szowitsiacoumarin A (1) and szowitsiacoumarin B (2), and a phenylpropanoid derivative, 2-epihelmanticine (3), together with nine known compounds, auraptene (4), umbelliprenin (5), galbanic acid (6), methyl galbanate (7), farnesiferol B (8), farnesiferol C (9), persicasulfide A (10), beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol(More)
Five phenolic constituents have been identified in Yucca schidigera bark, and their structures were established by spectral (FABMS and NMR) experiments. These included two known stilbenes, trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene (resveratrol) and trans-3,3',5,5'-tetrahydroxy-4'-methoxystilbene, as well as three novel compounds, yuccaols A, B, and C, with(More)
Yucca schidigera extract finds wide commercial application in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. In a previous paper we have found as the main constituents of yucca bark, yuccaol A, B and C, new and very unusual spiro-derivatives made up of a C15 unit and a stilbenic portion closely related to resveratrol. This study was performed to examine whether(More)
Eight steroidal saponins have been isolated from Yucca schidigera Roezl. trunk, and their structures were established by spectral (MS and NMR) techniques. These included three novel furostanol glycosides including 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->3)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-5 beta(25R)-furostan-3 beta,22 alpha,26-triol(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation of the anti-inflammatory extracts of Uncaria tomentosa, using the carrageenan-induced edema in rat paw, has led to the isolation of a new quinovic acid glycoside 7 as one of the active principles. Furthermore, a new triterpene 8 was isolated as its methyl ester. The structures were elucidated by spectral and chemical studies.
Lepidium meyenii, known in South America as maca, has received attention worldwide as a powerful energizer that improves physical and mental conditions and increases fertility. Because of these reports, we investigated the secondary metabolites of the tuber of maca. The methanol extract of the tuber of maca contained, in addition to free sugars and amino(More)
Flavonoids and anthocyanins in berry extracts from Myrtus communis, prepared by following a typical Sardinia myrtle liqueur recipe, were identified by HPLC coupled with Electrospray Mass Spectrometry and quantified by HPLC coupled with Ultraviolet/Visible Detection in order to evaluate the stability of the extracts during 1 year of storage. Antioxidant(More)
Nine flavones and adenosine have been identified in aerial parts of alfalfa, and their structures were established by spectral (FABMS and NMR) techniques. Five of the identified compounds, including apigenin 7-O-[beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl(1-->2)-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranosyl]-4'-O-beta-D-glucuronopyranoside, apigenin(More)