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The atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs) have markedly enhanced the treatment of schizophrenias but their use has been hindered by the major weight gain elicited by some AAPDs. We report that orexigenic AAPDs potently and selectively activate hypothalamic AMP-kinase, an action abolished in mice with deletion of histamine H1 receptors. These findings may(More)
Bphs controls Bordetella pertussis toxin (PTX)-induced vasoactive amine sensitization elicited by histamine (VAASH) and has an established role in autoimmunity. We report that congenic mapping links Bphs to the histamine H1 receptor gene (Hrh1/H1R) and that H1R differs at three amino acid residues in VAASH-susceptible and -resistant mice. Hrh1-/- mice are(More)
The atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs) have markedly enhanced the treatment of schizophrenias but their use has been hindered by the major weight gain elicited by some AAPDs. We report that orexigenic AAPDs potently and selectively activate hypothalamic AMP-kinase, an action abolished in mice with deletion of histamine H1 receptors. These findings may(More)
OBJECTIVE The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is the primary genetic contributor to multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), but multiple additional interacting loci are required for genetic susceptibility. The identity of most of these non-MHC genes is unknown. In this report, we identify genes within evolutionarily(More)
Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is the principal genetically determined animal model for multiple sclerosis (MS), the major inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Although genetics clearly play a role in susceptibility to MS, attempts to identify the underlying genes have been disappointing. Considerable variation exists(More)
Interleukin (IL) 6 is a proinflammtory cytokine produced by antigen-presenting cells and nonhematopoietic cells in response to external stimuli. It was initially identified as a B cell growth factor and inducer of plasma cell differentiation in vitro and plays an important role in antibody production and class switching in vivo. However, it is not clear(More)
In genetically susceptible strains of mice, such as A/J and (C57BL/6J x A/J)F1 hybrids, neonatal thymectomy-induced autoimmune ovarian dysgenesis (AOD) is characterized by the development of antiovarian autoantibodies, oophoritis, and atrophy. Temporally, atrophy may be observed during and after the regression of inflammatory infiltrates from the ovary.(More)
A spectrum of disease severity has been observed in patients with Lyme disease, with approximately 60% of untreated individuals developing arthritis. The murine model of Lyme disease has provided strong evidence that the genetic composition of the host influences the severity of arthritis following infection with Borrelia burgdorferi: infected C3H mice(More)
Sensitivity to pain is widely variable, and much of this variability is genetic in origin. The specific genes responsible have begun to be identified, but only for thermal nociception. In order to facilitate the identification of polymorphic, pain-related genes with more clinical relevance, we performed quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping studies of the(More)
The steroid hormone estradiol (E2) elicits a spectrum of systemic and uterotropic responses in vivo. For example, E2 treatment of ovariectomized adult and sexually immature rodents leads to uterine leukocytic infiltration, cell proliferation, and organ growth. E2-regulated growth is also associated with a variety of normal and pathological phenotypes.(More)