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BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking (CS) is the main risk factor for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and most COPD exacerbations are caused by respiratory infections including influenza. Influenza infections are more severe in smokers. The mechanism of the increased risk and severity of infections in smokers is likely… (More)
Clinical, pathological, and necropsy findings are recorded from two cases of endocarditis due to Erysipelothrix insidiosa, one in a 53-year-old grocer and the other in a 56-year-old housewife. The possible sources of infection are suggested.