Cortland K. Griswold

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The [PSI(+)] prion may enhance evolvability by revealing previously cryptic genetic variation, but it is unclear whether such evolvability properties could be favored by natural selection. Sex inhibits the evolution of other putative evolvability mechanisms, such as mutator alleles. This paper explores whether sex also prevents natural selection from(More)
The [PSI(+)] prion causes widespread readthrough translation and is rare in natural populations of Saccharomyces, despite the fact that sex is expected to cause it to spread. Using the recently estimated rate of Saccharomyces outcrossing, we calculate the strength of selection necessary to maintain [PSI(+)] at levels low enough to be compatible with data.(More)
This paper uses computer simulations to determine how gene flow between populations affects (1) the genetic architecture of a local adaptation and (2) properties of alleles segregating in quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping populations. Results suggest that the average magnitude of an allele that causes a phenotypic difference between populations(More)
The relationship between pleiotropy and the rate of evolution of a phenotypic character (evolvability) in a population is explored using computer simulations. I present results that suggest the rate of evolution of a phenotypic character may not decline when that character is pleiotropically associated to an increasing number of other characters, provided(More)
Most animal populations have distinct breeding and non-breeding periods, yet the implications of seasonality on population dynamics are not well understood. Here, we introduce an experimental model system to study the population dynamics of two important consequences of seasonality: sequential density dependence and carry-over effects (COEs). Using a(More)
Despite the fact that migration occurs in a wide variety of taxa worldwide, little is known about the conditions under which migration is expected to evolve from an ancestral resident population. We develop a model that focuses on ecological factors affecting the evolution of migration in a seasonal environment within a genetically explicit framework. We(More)
Many traits of evolutionary interest, when placed in their developmental, physiological, or environmental contexts, are function-valued. For instance, gene expression during development is typically a function of the age of an organism and physiological processes are often a function of environment. In comparative and experimental studies, a fundamental(More)
In seasonal environments, where density dependence can operate throughout the annual cycle, vital rates are typically considered to be a function of the number of individuals at the beginning of each season. However, variation in density in the previous season could also cause surviving individuals to be in poor physiological condition, which could carry(More)
We evaluate the effect of epistasis on genetically-based multivariate trait variation in haploid non-recombining populations. In a univariate setting, past work has shown that epistasis reduces genetic variance (additive plus epistatic) in a population experiencing stabilizing selection. Here we show that in a multivariate setting, epistasis also reduces(More)
In this paper we present a model that maps epistatic effects onto a genealogical tree for a haploid population. Prior work has demonstrated that genealogical structure causes the genotypic values of individuals to covary. Our results indicate that epistasis can reduce genotypic covariance that is caused by genealogical structure. Genotypic effects (both(More)