Corrado Boragno

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We have investigated the correlation between morphology and magnetic anisotropy in nanostructured Co films on Cu(001). The formation of nanoscale ripples by ion erosion is found to deeply affect the magnetic properties of the Co film. A surface-type uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with easy axis parallel to the ripples is observed. The origin of the magnetic(More)
We present a scanning tunneling microscopy study of the direct comparison between homoepitaxial deposition and surface ion sputtering on the Ag(001) system. At a temperature of 200 K, sputtering results in mound formation similar to the epitaxy case, while at higher temperatures an erosive regime sets in with the appearance of regular square pits. Contrary(More)
We have studied the nanofriction of Ne monolayers with a quartz-crystal microbalance technique at temperatures below 6.5 K and in ultrahigh-vacuum conditions. Very homogeneous and smooth lead electrodes have been physically deposited on a quartz blank at 150 K and then annealed at room temperatures. With such a Pb-plated quartz-crystal microbalance, we have(More)
We present a critical view of the analysis of experimental island densities acquired as a function of temperature in terms of barriers and prefactors for tracer diffusion at surfaces. We investigate the achievable precision for methods ranging from simple application of scaling laws, via integration of mean-field rate equations within various approximations(More)
Ion beam sputtering (IBS) can induce the formation of ordered nanostructures, whose properties depend on ion flux, sputtering angle, sample temperature, sample structure, surface symmetry, etc. For the comprehension of the time evolution of the formed nanostructure morphology it is necessary to perform in situ real time studies. In this review we shall(More)
The role of surface roughness in contact mechanics is relevant to processes ranging from adhesion to friction, wear and lubrication. It also promises to have a deep impact on applied science, including coatings technology and design of microelectromechanical systems. Despite the considerable results achieved by indentation experiments, particularly in the(More)
The nonstationary character of roughness is a widely recognized property of surface morphology and suggests modeling several solid surfaces by fractal geometry. In the field of contact mechanics, this demands novel investigations attempting to clarify the role of multiscale roughness during physical contact. Here we review the results we recently obtained(More)
Using atomic force microscopy and spot-profile analyzing low energy electron diffraction, we have observed the existence of a striking faceting instability in Al(110) homoepitaxy, characterized by the formation of nanocrystals with well-defined facets. These hut-shaped nanocrystals are over tenfold higher than the total film coverage, and coexist in a(More)
We propose a method for the separation of long DNA molecules, based on elastomeric nanochannels with tunable cross section. These nanocon-finement structures can be used to stretch DNA molecules and lower their con-formational entropy. The sieving mechanism of entropic recoil, proposed by Cabodi et al. [1], will be implemented using an array of elastomeric(More)
The development of the Internet of Things infrastructure requires the deployment of millions of heterogeneous sensors embedded in the environment. The powering of these sensors cannot be done with wired connections, and the use of batteries is often impracticable. Energy harvesting is the common proposed solution, and many devices have been developed for(More)