Cornelis Vink

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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of a broad range of external influences to the gut microbiotic composition in early infancy. METHODS Fecal samples from 1032 infants at 1 month of age, who were recruited from the KOALA Birth Cohort Study in the Netherlands, were subjected to quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a potentially pathogenic bacterium that causes a broad spectrum of diseases. S. aureus can adapt rapidly to the selective pressure of antibiotics, and this has resulted in the emergence and spread of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Resistance to methicillin and other beta-lactam antibiotics is caused by the mecA gene, which(More)
To determine the influence of either exclusive breast-feeding or formula feeding on both composition and quantity of the gut microbiota in infants, we have developed real-time, quantitative PCR assays for the detection of Bifidobacterium spp. and Clostridium difficile. Furthermore, we have monitored the prevalence and counts of Escherichia coli by applying(More)
We have determined the complete genome sequence of the Maastricht strain of rat cytomegalovirus (RCMV). The RCMV genome has a length of 229,896 bp and is arranged as a single unique sequence flanked by 504-bp terminal direct repeats. RCMV was found to have counterparts of all but one of the open reading frames (ORFs) that are conserved between murine CMV(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent carriers have a higher risk of Staphylococcus aureus infections than noncarriers but a lower risk of bacteremia-related death. Here, the role played by anti-staphylococcal antibodies was studied. METHODS Serum samples from 15 persistent carriers and 19 noncarriers were analyzed for immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgA, and IgM binding to 19 S.(More)
We have identified a rat cytomegalovirus (RCMV) gene that encodes a G-protein-coupled receptor (GCR) homolog. This gene (R33) belongs to a family that includes the human cytomegalovirus UL33 gene. R33 was found to be transcribed during the late phase of RCMV infection in rat embryo fibroblasts. Unlike the mRNAs from all the other members of the UL33 family(More)
From the Leiden/Amsterdam Center for Drug Research, Division of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands, the Department of Medical Microbiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, University of Maastricht, P. O. Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands, and the Department of Virology,(More)
To allow rapid identification of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing Staphylococcus aureus strains, a real-time PCR assay for detection of PVL was developed. This assay is convenient, since it can be applied directly on bacterial suspensions and does not require previous DNA purification. Furthermore, the assay was found to be highly reproducible,(More)
To evaluate the relationship between the HSV-1 and -2 loads in BAL fluid (BALF) and clinical outcome. Retrospective study. The general intensive care unit of the University Hospital Maastricht. Five hundred and twenty-one BALF samples from 462 patients were included. Patients were divided into three groups; (1) patients admitted to the hospital <48 h before(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with many lymphoproliferative diseases, such as infectious mononucleosis and Burkitt's lymphoma. Consequently, EBV is one of the most extensively studied herpesviruses. Surprisingly, a putative G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) gene of EBV, BILF1, has hitherto escaped attention, yet BILF1-like genes are(More)