Cornelis J. F. Van Noorden

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The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of growth factors controls pathological angiogenesis and increased vascular permeability in important eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy (DR) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The purpose of this review is to develop new insights into the cell biology of VEGFs and vascular cells in(More)
Reproducibility of cryostat section thickness is required for valid quantitative microscopy. This is generally pursued by motorized sectioning using a low but constant speed. The purpose of our study was to compare variation in section thickness between motorized and manual cryostat sectioning. Serial sections were cut from a frozen block of homogenized(More)
BACKGROUND In proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) cause blindness by neovascularization and subsequent fibrosis, but their relative contribution to both processes is unknown. We hypothesize that the balance between levels of pro-angiogenic VEGF and pro-fibrotic CTGF(More)
CONTEXT Publication bias jeopardizes evidence-based medicine, mainly through biased literature syntheses. Publication bias may also affect laboratory animal research, but evidence is scarce. OBJECTIVES To assess the opinion of laboratory animal researchers on the magnitude, drivers, consequences and potential solutions for publication bias. And to explore(More)
Breakdown of the inner endothelial blood-retinal barrier (BRB), as occurs in diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, retinal vein occlusions, uveitis and other chronic retinal diseases, results in vasogenic edema and neural tissue damage, causing loss of vision. The central mechanism of altered BRB function is a change in the permeability(More)
Purpose. An early hallmark of preclinical diabetic retinopathy is thickening of the capillary basal lamina (BL). TGF-beta, a multipotent cytokine acting through its receptors ALK5 and -1, has been postulated to be involved in this phenomenon. In light of this possible role, TGF-beta signaling and its downstream molecular effects were characterized in(More)
The functional shift of quiescent endothelial cells into tip cells that migrate and stalk cells that proliferate is a key event during sprouting angiogenesis. We previously showed that the sialomucin CD34 is expressed in a small subset of cultured endothelial cells and that these cells extend filopodia: a hallmark of tip cells in vivo. In the present study,(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF) causes increased vascular permeability and leukocyte adhesion in preclinical diabetic retinopathy (PCDR). Another hallmark of PCDR is thickening of the capillary basement membrane (BM). Recently, VEGF has been shown to induce expression of profibrotic genes such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Referred to as CCN, the family of growth factors consisting of cystein-rich protein 61 (CYR61, also known as CCN1), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF, also known as CCN2), nephroblastoma overexpressed gene (NOV, also known as CCN3) and WNT1-inducible signalling pathway proteins 1, 2 and 3 (WISP1, -2 and -3; also known as CCN4, -5 and -6)(More)
Ocular diseases dominated by neovascularization, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), retinal vein occlusions, and diabetic retinopathy (DR), often culminate in severe visual loss and ultimately blindness. In most of these conditions, ischemic retinal areas produce abnormal amounts of angiogenic growth factors that induce excessive angiogenesis,(More)