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Relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) can be successfully treated by donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). However, relapse of accelerated phase CML, blast crisis, or acute leukemia after allogeneic SCT are resistant to DLI in the majority of cases. In vitro-selected and expanded(More)
T-cell alloreactivity directed against non-self-HLA molecules has been assumed to be less peptide specific than conventional T-cell reactivity. A large variation in degree of peptide specificity has previously been reported, including single peptide specificity, polyspecificity, and peptide degeneracy. Peptide polyspecificity was illustrated using synthetic(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Graft-versus-host-disease may be avoided and the likelihood of a graft-versus-leukemia reaction increased by infusion of in vitro generated, leukemia-reactive, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) lines as treatment for patients with relapsed leukemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, instead of donor lymphocyte infusion. The aim(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) have been generated in vitro against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)-associated BCR/ABL-specific peptides. We analyzed the existence of high-avidity T cells recognizing endogenously processed BCR/ABL-specific proteins. DESIGN AND METHODS We performed binding studies of BCR/ABL-specific peptides,(More)
B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) expression is a key feature of most B-cell lymphomas, but the mechanisms of BCR signal induction and the involvement of autoantigen recognition remain unclear. In follicular lymphoma (FL) B cells, BCR expression is retained despite a chromosomal translocation that links the antiapoptotic gene BCL2 to the regulatory elements of(More)
Severe combined immunodeficient (Scid) mice inoculated with the human (t(14;18)-positive B cell lines DoHH2 and BEVA develop lethal systemically disseminated lymphoma (de Kroon et al., Leukemia 8:1385, and Blood 80 [suppl 1]:436). These models were used to study the therapeutic effect of rat-anti-human CD52 (Campath-1G) or CD45 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs)(More)
Potent graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effects can be mediated by donor-derived T cells recognizing minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) in patients treated with donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) for relapsed hematologic malignancies after HLA-matched allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). Donor-derived T cells, however, may not only induce GVL, but(More)
Adoptive immunotherapy with donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) is an effective treatment for relapsed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. To identify the effector and target cell populations responsible for the elimination of the leukemic cells in vivo we developed an assay to measure the frequency of T lymphocyte(More)
Minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) play an important role in both graft-versus-tumor effects and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. We applied biochemical techniques and mass spectrometry to identify the peptide recognized by a dominant tumor-reactive donor T-cell reactivity isolated from a patient with(More)
CD8+ T cell-depleted (TCD) donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) after TCD allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) has been associated with a reduced risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) while preserving conversion to donor hematopoiesis and antitumor immunity, providing a rationale for exploring CD4+ T cell-based immunotherapy for(More)