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5-Hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) receptor agonists have been shown to inhibit the activity of hippocampal, cortical, and dorsal raphé neurons. We tested urapidil and a new 5-HT1A agonist, CM 57493 [4-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)-1-(2-cyanoethyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine ], for their neuroprotective activity in models of focal and global cerebral ischemia in(More)
We investigated the effect of the known antagonist of platelet-activating factor (PAF), ginkgolide B, on postischemic neuronal damage in the rat. Neuronal necroses were evaluated in the hippocampus 7 days after a 10-min forebrain ischemia. Preischemic application of ginkgolide B (50 mg/kg p.o.) significantly reduced neuronal damage. It is suggested that the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to test whether the anticonvulsant, memantine (1-amino-3,5-dimethyladamantane), can protect neurons against hypoxic or ischemic damage. To this end, we used a rat model of transient forebrain ischemia and cultured neurons from chick embryo cerebral hemispheres. Ischemia was induced for 10 min by clamping both carotid(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the neuroprotective action of nimodipine. Furthermore, the influence of nimodipine on postischemic local CBF (LCBF) was examined. Forebrain ischemia of the rat was performed for 10 min by bilateral carotid clamping, administration of trimethaphan, and blood withdrawal to obtain an MABP of 40 mm Hg. LCBF(More)
The present study investigates the effects of the 5-hydroxytryptamine1A agonist ipsapirone on electroencephalography and somatosensory evoked potentials after middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. We implanted 17 silver ball electrodes symmetrically distributed over the skull in 14 rats and registered electroencephalography activity and somatosensory(More)
Two models of experimental cerebral ischemia in rats were developed and used. The first model was permanent occlusion of both carotids up to 3 weeks, the second model the temporal occlusion of both carotids and systemic hypotension for 10 min. Rats treated by the first experimental set were investigated after one, 2 and 3 weeks. In all groups, about 40% of(More)
The effects of vinpocetine on hippocampal cell damage and local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) were measured in a rat model of forebrain ischemia (2-vessel occlusion and hypotension). Duration of ischemia was 10 min. LCBF was determined after 2 min of recirculation using the 14C-iodoantipyrine technique. Hippocampal cell loss was quantified histologically 7(More)
The present study was performed to analyze the relationship between underlying diseases and the morphologic form of aspergillosis. This retrospective analysis of 3284 autopsies yielded 18 cases of aspergillosis. The specific diagnosis of aspergillosis was rendered by a monoclonal antibody versus Aspergillus spp. Patients with hematological disorders, such(More)
Neurological complications resulting from pronounced cerebrovascular changes were observed in a 59-year-old female suffering from Grönblad-Strandberg syndrome. In addition to typical skin changes of the pseudoxanthoma elasticum and ocular alterations (exudative macular degeneration and angioid streaks) there were an unusual number of disturbed(More)