Cornelia P. Channing

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Isolated oocytes will resume meiosis spontaneously in vitro whereas follicle-enclosed oocytes will remain in the dictyate stage when cultured unless they have been exposed to gonadotropins in vivo or in vitro. To examine the source of the follicular inhibitory influence, porcine oocytes have been cultured alone, with hemisections of follicle wall, granulosa(More)
In order to ascertain which ovarian cell type within the follicle is the source of preovulatory estrogen secretion in vivo, ovarian venous, as well as peripheral venous, blood was collected prior to, 5 min, 30 min, and 120 min after the removal of follicular fluid and granulosa cells from 17 monkeys. In addition, estrogen, progesterone, and progestins were(More)
Oocyte maturation is controlled by a combination of hormonal and local follicular factors. Osmolarity, pH, and perhaps Ca2+ concentration of the surrounding medium are also important. Follicular fluid contains a low molecular weight OMI which acts to keep the oocyte from maturing. Luteinizing hormone added to cultured cumulus enclosed porcine oocytes can(More)
The mechanism of action of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) upon various cell types of the mammalian ovary is reviewed. Emphasis is placed upon in vitro studies using organ and cell culture as well as short-term incubations. FSH and LH actions upon the following ovarian functions are discussed: steroidogenesis and metabolism(More)
Culture medium 199 supplemented with follicular fluid from 1-2 mm antral porcine follicles inhibited spontaneous luteinization of granulosa cells from preovulatory porcine follicles in vitro. Three characteristics of luteinization were inhibited: morphological transformation, progesterone secretion, and accumulation of cyclic AMP in response to LH. The last(More)