Cornelia Krämer

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A number of T-even-like bacteriophages use the outer membrane protein OmpA of Escherichia coli as a receptor. We had previously analyzed a series of ompA mutants which are resistant to such phages and which still produce the OmpA protein (R. Morona, M. Klose, and U. Henning, J. Bacteriol. 159:570-578, 1984). Mutational alterations were found near or at(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is assumed to contribute to the impairment of B-cell function in type 1 diabetes mellitus (IDDM). In the present paper we show that in mouse B-cells with intact metabolism authentic NO (20 microM) led to a biphasic effect on the K(+)(ATP) current, namely a transient increase and a consecutive almost complete inhibition. This resembles(More)
The DmX gene was recently isolated from the X chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster. TBLASTN searches of the dbEST databases revealed sequences with a high level of similarity to DmX in a variety of different species, including insects, nematodes, and mammals showing that DmX is an evolutionarily highly conserved gene. Here we describe the cloning of the(More)
Homogenotes, heterogenotes, and intergeneric hybrids have been studied that are diploid for the structural gene of a major outer cell envelope membrane protein (protein II) from Escherichia coli. This protein can act as a phage receptor. In wild-type homogenotes, diploidy for the gene did not cause a gene dosage effect. It could be shown with two(More)
Alloxan is used to induce diabetes in animals; however, the underlying mechanisms are still a matter of debate. Alloxan evoked a rapid hyperpolarization of the plasma membrane potential and suppressed electrical activity elicited by 15 mM glucose, thus terminating voltage-dependent Ca(2+) influx. Accordingly, glucose-induced oscillations in intracellular(More)
The amino acid sequence of major outer membrane protein II (ompA protein) from Escherichia coli K-12 has been determined. The transmembrane polypeptide consists of 325 residues, resulting in a molecular weight of 35,159. The transmembrane part of the protein is located between residues 1 and 177. In this part of the protein a predominantly lipophilic(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the activities of the renal basolateral organic anion transporter (PAH transporter) and the sodium-dependent dicarboxylate transporter are modulated by the calcium/calmodulin-dependent multifunctional protein kinase II (CaM kinase II). The studies were performed on isolated S2 segments of proximal(More)
The amino acid sequence of the pore-forming outer membrane protein I (porin) from Escherichia coli B/r has been determined. The polypeptide contains 340 amino acid residues resulting in a molecular weight of 37,205. The transmembrane polypeptide has no stretches of nonpolar residues, uninterrupted by charged side chains, longer than 11 amino acid residues.(More)
Neurotransmitters and hormones, such as arginine vasopressin (AVP) and bombesin, evoke frequency-modulated repetitive Ca2+ transients in insulin-secreting HIT-T15 cells by binding to receptors linked to phospholipase C (PLC). The role of calmodulin (CaM)-dependent mechanisms in the generation of PLC-linked Ca2+ transients was investigated by use of the(More)