Cornelia Kirsch

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Inwardly rectifying potassium channels require binding of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) for channel activity. Three independent sites (aa 175-206, aa 207-246, aa 324-365) were located in the C-terminal domain of Kir2.1 channels by assaying the binding of overlapping fragments to PIP2 containing liposomes. Mutations in the first site, which(More)
Signalling via seven transmembrane helix receptors can lead to a massive increase in cellular PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, which is critical for the induction of various cell responses and is likely to be produced by a trimeric G-protein-sensitive phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3Kgamma). We show here that PI3Kgamma is a bifunctional lipid kinase and protein kinase, and(More)
SNX17 is a member of the sorting nexin family (SNX), a group of hydrophilic proteins whose common characteristic property is a phox homology (PX) domain. The PX domain directs SNXs to phosphatidylinositides containing membranes of the endosomal compartment, where the SNXs are involved in the sorting of transmembrane proteins. SNX17 is known to interact with(More)
Long chain fatty acid esters of coenzyme A (LC-CoA) are potent activators of ATP-sensitive (K(ATP)) channels, and elevated levels have been implicated in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. This stimulatory effect is thought to involve a mechanism similar to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), which activates all known inwardly rectifying(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma is a multifunctional enzyme with lipid and protein kinase activities that also acts as a scaffold protein in many diverse signalling processes. The enzyme contains five different domains, but their individual contributions to membrane binding are not fully understood. Here, using in vitro liposome binding assays of individual(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI 3-kinases) have critical roles in diverse cellular signaling processes and in protein trafficking. In contrast to the class I PI 3-kinases alpha, beta, and delta which bind via src homology 2 (SH2) domains of adaptor proteins to tyrosine kinase receptors, the mechanism of recruitment of the PI 3-kinase gamma to membranes is(More)
The tyrosine kinase receptor c-Kit (stem cell factor receptor, CD117) is a potential target for signal transduction therapy in different cancers. In this study we investigated c-Kit in CHRF cells, a megakaryoblastic cell line of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (FAB M7). We characterized the interactions between c-Kit and PI 3-kinase (p85) after stimulation with SCF(More)
Endurance muscle stress leads to polymorphic expression of myosin heavy chains (MyHC). Histochemical and electrophoretic analyses were performed on different masticatory muscles (masseter, temporal, geniohyoid and medial pterygoid) of 10 weeks old pigs after 28 days of chronic sagittal advancement of the mandibulae. The differentiation between fiber types(More)
The recruitment of phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI3Kgamma) to the cell membrane is a crucial requirement for the initiation of inflammation cascades by second-messenger production. In addition to identifying other regulation pathways, it has been found that PI3Kgamma is able to bind phospholipids directly. In this study, the adsorption behavior of(More)
Phosphatidylinositol kinases play a crucial role in signal transduction in many cell types. The 55 kDa isoform of phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases is a key enzyme in the metabolism of phosphoinositides, which work as regulators of cell function itself or as precursors of signal molecules. The experiments with HaCaT cells presented suggest that the(More)