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CONTEXT Familial and sporadic GH-secreting pituitary adenomas are associated with mutations in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene. Patients with an AIP mutation (AIPmut) tend to have more aggressive tumors occurring at a younger age. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the frequency of AIPmut in patients(More)
We determined the adrenostatic potential of low-dose nonhypnotic etomidate in six patients with Cushing's syndrome (ectopic Cushing's syndrome, n = 2; Cushing's disease, n = 3; bilateral adrenal adenoma, n = 1). Etomidate was given as a continuous infusion for 32 h in a dose of 2.5 mg/h (n = 5) or 0.3 mg/kg/h (n = 3), respectively. Saline was given during a(More)
CONTEXT Acromegaly is a rare disease characterized by high serum levels of GH and IGF-1. Animal studies have demonstrated links between these hormones and cancer, but data regarding cancer incidence among acromegaly patients are inconsistent. Moreover, therapy options have changed considerably since many of the aforementioned data were collected. (More)
The mechanisms of tumorigenesis of adrenocortical neoplasms are still not understood. Tumor formation may be the result of spontaneous transformation of adrenocortical cells by somatic mutations. Another factor stimulating adrenocortical cell growth and potentially associated with formation of adrenal adenomas and, less frequently, carcinomas is the chronic(More)
Mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are frequently present in human cancers but have rarely been described in benign tumors. We previously reported mutations in the "hot spots" between exons 5-8 of the p53 gene in adrenocortical carcinomas but not in adenomas. Recently, a previously unknown hot spot in exon 4 of the p53 gene was described in adrenal(More)
OBJECTIVE Autosomal dominant hypocalcaemia or hypoparathyroidism is caused by activating mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR). Treatment with calcium and vitamin D often worsens hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis, and renal impairment can result. Our aim was to describe the phenotypic variance of this rare disorder in a large series and to(More)
BACKGROUND Acromegaly is a rare disease with significant morbidity and increased mortality. Epidemiological data about therapeutic outcome under 'real life' conditions are scarce. OBJECTIVE To describe biochemical long-term outcome of acromegaly patients in Germany. DESIGN AND METHODS Retrospective data analysis from 1344 patients followed in 42 centers(More)
Differentiation among various non Langerhans cell histiocytoses granulomatous in adults is often difficult. Patients, moreover, may not have endocrinologic abnormalities. A 53-yr-old patient was admitted owing to central diabetes insipidus and partial hypopituitarism. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a space-occupying lesion near the hypophyseal stalk,(More)
A right adrenocortical carcinoma (weighing 978 g) was removed from a 45-year-old man in April 1986, the tumour bed then being irradiated with 40 Gy. Subsequently discovered multiple lung metastases were treated with cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin, without improvement. Treatment with mitotane (Lysodren) was also without effect and had to be discontinued(More)
The adrenostatic effect of metyrapone (Metopiron) and aminoglutethimide (Orimeten) was assessed retrospectively in ten patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome, four of them with the ectopic form. Five patients received metyrapone only, the other five both metyrapone and aminoglutethimide. Persistent lowering of the serum cortisol level was achieved(More)