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Transcranially applied weak direct currents are capable of modulating motor cortical excitability in the human. Anodal stimulation enhances excitability, cathodal stimulation diminishes it. Cortical excitability changes accompany motor learning. Here we show that weak direct currents are capable of improving implicit motor learning in the human. During(More)
Theoretical models of persecutory delusions have emphasized the impact of reasoning biases and negative emotion at the early stages of symptom formation. However, the causal mechanisms remain unclear. This study tests the hypothesis that state anxiety will increase paranoid ideation and that this increase will be moderated by the level of individual(More)
There has been a growing interest in the differential role of various neural structures in implicit learning processes. The goal of our study was to clarify how focal lesions restricted to the basal ganglia interfere with different aspects of implicit visuo-motor sequence learning. A version of the Serial Reaction Time Task (SRTT) of Nissen and Bullemer(More)
The authors sought to clarify whether lesions in different parts of the cerebellum result in differential cognitive and affective impairment. Six subjects with cerebellar lesions due to posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) infarction, five subjects with lesions in the SCA vascular territory, and 11 matched controls were administered a battery of(More)
Individuals with schizophrenia have difficulties in emotional information processing. A relationship between behavioral variables of emotional processing and structural amygdala alterations in schizophrenia has been proposed but not shown, yet. Morphological studies of amygdala size in schizophrenia have yielded inconsistent results. The current study(More)
BACKGROUND Major depression is a heterogeneous disorder. Biological markers and cognitive tasks have been employed to distinguish clinical subtypes but results have been inconclusive. METHODS The current study assessed implicit learning with the Serial Reaction Time Task (SRTT) known to be sensitive to frontostriatal dysfunctions and regional brain(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that schizophrenia is associated with various morphological and functional abnormalities of the frontal cortex. So far research has concentrated on the dorsolateral and orbitofrontal cortex. Behavioral evidence suggests however that regions responsible for higher motor control are compromised in schizophrenia as well. The(More)
Previous research has confirmed stable explicit memory deficits in schizophrenia across disease states. However, little is known about the implicit learning capabilities of individuals with schizophrenia across the course of illness. The current study assessed procedural learning in 19 schizophrenia subjects (DSM-IV criteria) and 19 matched controls using(More)
Morphological abnormalities of the hippocampus might form the neurobiological basis of memory dysfunction in schizophrenia. Hippocampal volume was found to be bilaterally reduced in male, but not in female, subjects with schizophrenia. Right hippocampal volume was significantly related to impaired visual learning.
Despite controversy regarding the classification and diagnostic status of hoarding disorder, there remains a paucity of research on the nosology of hoarding that is likely to inform the classification debate. The present investigation examined the latent structure of hoarding in three, large independent samples. Data for three well-validated measures of(More)