Cornelia B. Landersdorfer

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BACKGROUND Polymyxin B is a last-line therapy for multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria. There is a dearth of pharmacokinetic data to guide dosing in critically ill patients. METHODS Twenty-four critically ill patients were enrolled and blood/urine samples were collected over a dosing interval at steady state. Polymyxin B concentrations were measured(More)
Antibacterials play a key role in the treatment of bone infections and appropriate surgical prophylaxis. The rate and extent of penetration of antimicrobials into bone has been assessed and shown to be important for successful treatment in numerous studies. However, no recent review or critical evaluation of the analytical techniques is available. This(More)
'Old' colistin and polymyxin B are increasingly used as last-line therapy against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. For intravenous administration, colistin is dosed as its inactive prodrug colistin methanesulfonate (sodium), while polymyxin B is used as its sulfate (active(More)
Meropenem is a broad-spectrum carbapenem antibacterial agent. In order to optimize levels in plasma relative to the MICs, the ideal dose level and dosage regimen need to be determined. The pharmacokinetics of meropenem were studied in two groups, each comprising eight healthy volunteers who received the following doses: 500 mg as an intravenous infusion(More)
We have developed a liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay to determine acrylamide in various body fluids. The assay also allows the reliable quantitation of acrylamide in food. In a total of 11 healthy male and female subjects, we were able to show that acrylamide from food given to humans is in fact absorbed from the gut. The half-lives(More)
Mechanistic modeling greatly benefits from automated pre- and post-processing of model code and modeling results. While S-ADAPT provides many state-of-the-art parametric population estimation methods, its pre- and post-processing capabilities are limited. Our objective was to develop a fully automated, open-source pre- and post-processor for nonlinear(More)
This study examines the pharmacokinetics of oral doses of lithium carbonate immediate-release capsules after administration of 600 or 900 mg in children and adolescents with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, bipolar I disorder. Lithium plasma concentrations were followed over 48 to 72 hours in 39 subjects (20 male and 19(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a major health risk in many countries, and the incidence rates are increasing. Diverse therapeutic agents are applied to treat this condition. Since 1960, numerous mathematical models have been developed to describe the glucose-insulin system, analyse data from diagnostic tests and quantify drug effects. This review summarizes the(More)
BACKGROUND Lithium is a well-established treatment for bipolar I disorder in adults. However, there is a paucity of information on its pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics in children and adolescents. We aimed to develop the first lithium dosage regimens based on population pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics for paediatric patients. METHODS Lithium(More)
Despite the promising activity of ceftazidime against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia, there has not yet been a study that directly compared the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ceftazidime in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and healthy volunteers by population PK methodology. We assessed the population PK and PK/pharmacodynamic (PD) breakpoints of(More)