Cornel Mülhardt

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The neuronal glycine receptor is a ligand-gated chloride channel composed of ligand binding alpha and structural beta polypeptides. Homology screening of a human fetal brain cDNA library resulted in the identification of two alternative splice variants of the glycine receptor alpha3 subunit. The amino acid sequence predicted for the alpha3L variant was(More)
Mice homozygous for the spastic mutation (spa) suffer from a complex motor disorder resulting from reduced CNS levels of the adult glycine receptor isoform GlyRA, which is composed of ligand-binding alpha 1 and structural beta polypeptides. The beta subunit-encoding gene (Glyrb) was mapped near the spa locus on mouse chromosome 3. In spa/spa mice, aberrant(More)
Homozygotic spasmodic (spd/spd) mice suffer from a motor disorder resembling poisoning by the glycine receptor antagonist strychnine. Here, a point mutation was identified in the glycine receptor alpha 1 subunit gene of the spasmodic mouse which predicts an alanine-to-serine exchange at position 52 of the mature polypeptide. Upon expression in Xenopus(More)
We previously demonstrated that the inhibitory neurotransmitter glycine induced membrane currents in glial cells from rat spinal cord. In this present study, the patch-clamp technique was combined with the reverse transcription-mediated PCR to analyze the glycine receptor-subunit expression in individual glial cells of rats age 3-18 days. Using the(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors (nAChRs) are important excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the insect CNS. We have isolated and characterized the gene and the cDNA of a new nAChR subunit from Drosophila. The predicted mature nAChR protein consists of 773 amino acid residues and has the structural features of an ACh-binding alpha subunit. It was(More)
Excitotoxic activation of postsynaptic N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors is thought to be a key event for the molecular pathogenesis of postischemic delayed neuronal death in CA1 hippocampus. To assess a possible interference of ischemia with NMDA receptor expression, transcription of the NMDA receptor 1 (NMDA-R1) gene was examined by in situ(More)
The glycine receptor of the human CNS comprises ligand-binding alpha 1 and structural beta subunits encoded by the GLRA1 and GLRB genes, respectively. Screening of a human hippocampal cDNA library resulted in the identification of the novel subunit transcript beta B, differing in the 5'-UTR. Analysis of the genomic organization of GLRB showed that the(More)
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