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Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited DNA repair deficiency syndrome. FA patients undergo progressive bone marrow failure (BMF) during childhood, which frequently requires allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The pathogenesis of this BMF has been elusive to date. Here we found that FA patients exhibit a profound defect in hematopoietic stem and(More)
Proteins with iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters participate in multiple metabolic pathways throughout the cell. The mitochondrial ABC half-transporter Abcb7, which is mutated in X-linked sideroblastic anemia with ataxia in humans, is a functional ortholog of yeast Atm1p and is predicted to export a mitochondrially derived metabolite required for cytosolic Fe-S(More)
High serum concentrations of procalcitonin (PCT) have been found during bacterial and parasitic infections. This is a report of two cases of disseminated aspergillosis with moderate PCT increase in two 14-year-old girls after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for myelodysplastic syndrome and Fanconi's anemia, respectively. In contrast, the important rise of(More)
X-linked sideroblastic anemia with ataxia (XLSA/A) is a rare syndromic form of inherited sideroblastic anemia associated with spinocerebellar ataxia, and is due to mutations in the mitochondrial ATP-binding cassette transporter Abcb7. Here, we show that Abcb7 is essential for hematopoiesis and formally demonstrate that XLSA/A is due to partial loss of(More)
The generally accepted role of iron-regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) in orchestrating the fate of iron-regulated mRNAs depends on the interconversion of its cytosolic aconitase and RNA-binding forms through assembly/disassembly of its Fe-S cluster, without altering protein abundance. Here, we show that IRP1 protein abundance can be iron-regulated. Modulation of(More)
DNA-topoisomerase I is the nuclear target of new anticancer drugs, namely camptothecin and its derivatives. In order to establish the rational basis for their clinical development in paediatric oncology, the antitumour activity of irinotecan (CPT-11) and topotecan, two camptothecin water-soluble derivatives, was studied in nude mice bearing neuroblastoma(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked disorder including microthrombocytopenia, eczema and immunodeficiency. A mild form is known as the X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT). We screened 150 individuals or families based on a multiplex PCR method. We found 28 novel mutations (7 missense, 1 nonsense, 1 nonstop change, 5 splice site mutations and 14(More)
Topoisomerase I inhibitors, such as CPT-11, are potent anticancer drugs against neuroblastoma (NB). Differentiating agents, such as retinoids, improve the survival of children with metastatic NB. To characterize the biological effects associated with exposure to CPT-11 in vivo, athymic mice bearing a human NB xenograft, named IGR-NB8 and characterized as an(More)
The purpose of this study was (1) to investigate the efficacy of chemotherapy regimens designed by the French Society of Pediatric Oncology for childhood anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) and (2) to identify prognostic factors in these children. Eighty-two children with newly diagnosed ALCL were enrolled in two consecutive studies, HM89 and HM91. The(More)
Although hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers curative potential for beta-thalassemia major (beta-TM), it is associated with a variable but significant incidence of graft rejection. We studied the French national experience for improvement over time and the potential benefit of antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Between December 1985 and(More)