Corinne Petit-Frére

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Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T) and Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) are recessive genetic diseases with similar cellular phenotypes that are caused by mutations in the recently described ATM (encoding ATM) and NBS1 (encoding p95) genes, respectively. Both disorders are accompanied by immunodeficiency in a majority of patients, but the mechanism involved has as(More)
The sunburn reaction is the most common consequence of human exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), and is mediated at least in part by interleukin-6 (IL-6). The aim of this study was to determine if DNA is a major chromophore involved in the induction of IL-6 following UV irradiation of a human epidermoid carcinoma cell line (KB), and of normal human(More)
We have compared the induction of apoptosis and cytokine release by UVB and gamma-radiation in primary (untransformed) and in two immortalized human epithelial/keratinocyte cell lines, HaCaT and KB (KB is now known to be a subline of the ubiquitous keratin-forming tumour cell line HeLa and we therefore designate it HeLa-KB). In both the primary and the(More)
Tanning lamps, emitting predominantly ultraviolet (UV) A, are used widely throughout the U.K. and other countries, but little is known about the long-term risks associated with their use, especially with respect to skin cancer. We have exposed normal human epidermal keratinocytes to a commercial tanning lamp and used the comet assay in association with DNA(More)
We have assessed the ability of xeroderma pigmentosum and normal keratinocytes grown out from skin biopsies to undergo apoptosis after irradiation with ultraviolet B. Keratinocytes have been studied from xeroderma pigmentosum complementation groups A (three biopsies), C (three biopsies), D (one biopsy), xeroderma pigmentosum variant (two biopsies), and(More)
We have selected two N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-resistant derivatives of the SV40-transformed, alkyltransferase-deficient (Mex-) human fibroblast cell line MRC5V1. Both derivatives remain Mex-. They are cross-resistant to methylmethanesulphonate (MMS) and 6-thioguanine (6TG) but not 2,6-diaminopurine. They show increased sensitivity to the bifunctional(More)
The mechanism underlying the differential regulation of switching to human IgG subclasses is still largely unknown. We demonstrate that the region upstream of the initiation sites for gamma3 germ-line (GL) transcripts contains a functional promoter which is synergistically induced by IL-4, antibody to CD40 and phorbol dibutyrate in transient transfection(More)
Proteins are the molecules that fulfil most cellular functions and represent over 90% of drug targets in the market. Chromophore-assisted laser inactivation (CALI) provides a timely and locally restricted protein inactivation and has proven to specifically destroy protein function using dye-coupled ligands and laser irradiation. CALI involves the generation(More)
The human population is exposed to both the ultraviolet A (UVA) and B (UVB) regions of the solar spectrum. UVB induces mainly dipyrimidine photoproducts in DNA by a direct photochemical mechanism, whereas UVA is absorbed by other cellular constituents and induces mainly oxidative damage indirectly. The proportions of the different dipyrimidine(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated that a tanning lamp emitting predominantly ultraviolet (UV) A induces significant yields of the type of potentially mutagenic DNA damage that are associated with the onset of skin cancer (i.e. cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers). UV-induced immunosuppression is also an important event leading to skin cancer. (More)