Corinne Giusti

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Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta)1 is thought to be implicated in breast cancer progression. However, data about the influence of TGFbeta1 on breast cancer development are conflicting. To clarify the clinical relevance of TGFbeta1, TGFbeta1 protein level has been measured by enzyme-immunoassay in 193 breast tumour samples. We found that 94.3% of(More)
Amphiregulin (AR) is a heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-related peptide that seems to play an important role in mammary epithelial cell growth regulation. We have investigated the regulation of AR-gene expression and -protein secretion by EGF in normal breast epithelial cells (HMECs), as well as in the tumoral breast epithelial cell lines MCF-7(More)
Dictyostelium atg1- mutant cells provide an experimentally and genetically favorable model to study necrotic cell death (NCD) with no interference from apoptosis or autophagy. In such cells subjected to starvation and cAMP, induction by the differentiation-inducing factor DIF or by classical uncouplers led within minutes to mitochondrial uncoupling, which(More)
Autophagic cell death (ACD) can be operationally described as cell death with an autophagic component. While most molecular bases of this autophagic component are known, in ACD the mechanism of cell death proper is not well defined, in particular because in animal cells there is poor experimental distinction between what triggers autophagy and what triggers(More)
The characterization of novel prognostic markers in breast cancer is necessary to improve the identification of high-risk populations. In our study, the prognostic significance of VEGF and amphiregulin (AR) was investigated and compared to conventional prognostic factors in primary breast cancers. The analysis was performed using enzyme-linked immuno-assay(More)
Dictyostelium constitutes a genetically tractable model for the analysis of autophagic cell death (ACD). During ACD, Dictyostelium cells first transform into paddle cells and then become round, synthesize cellulose, vacuolize, and die. Through random insertional mutagenesis, we identified the receptor histidine kinase DhkM as being essential for ACD.(More)
Cell death in the model organism Dictyostelium, as studied in monolayers in vitro, can be induced by the polyketide DIF-1 or by the cyclical dinucleotide c-di-GMP. c-di-GMP, a universal bacterial second messenger, can trigger innate immunity in bacterially infected animal cells and is involved in developmental cell death in Dictyostelium. We show here that(More)
We investigated the role of Atg1 in autophagic cell death (ACD) in a Dictyostelium monolayer model. The model is especially propitious, not only because of genetic tractability and absence of apoptosis machinery, but also because induction of ACD requires two successive exogenous signals, first the combination of starvation and cAMP, second the(More)
Autophagic cell death in Dictyostelium can be dissociated into a starvation-induced sensitization stage and a death induction stage. A UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (ugpB) mutant and a glycogen synthase (glcS) mutant shared the same abnormal phenotype. In vitro, upon starvation alone mutant cells showed altered contorted morphology, indicating that the(More)
Dictyostelium cells in monolayers in vitro lend themselves well to a study of autophagic cell death (ACD). There is no apoptosis machinery in the protist Dictyostelium, no caspase nor Bcl-2 family members (except a paracaspase whose inactivation does not alter cell death), thus there is no apoptosis that could interfere with, or substitute for, nonapoptotic(More)