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Providing appropriate treatment and follow-up to hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected mothers and their newborns is critical in preventing HBV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) and eradicating HBV infection. Although highly effective in preventing MTCT, standard passive-active immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B immunoglobulin and the hepatitis B vaccine may(More)
AIMS To describe the various ways in which vitamin D deficiency presents in children in selected districts of London and to identify which factors, if any, determine the mode of presentation. METHODS Retrospective review of patients presenting to Newham General, Royal London, Great Ormond Street, and King's College Hospitals between 1996 and 2001 with(More)
From April 8, 1982, through June 1984, 11 patients in a single hospital experienced 17 episodes of limb edema and discoloration after the intravenous (IV) administration of phenytoin sodium (Dilantin). One patient required a below-the-elbow amputation; all other patients recovered. No single drug lot was implicated. A case-control study was performed using(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Early, accurate diagnosis of ascending placentitis in mares remains a key challenge for successful treatment of the disease. Doppler ultrasonography has shown promise as a tool to diagnose pregnancy abnormalities and is becoming more available to equine clinicians. However, to date, no studies have prospectively compared this(More)
The objective of this study was to use Doppler ultrasound technology to determine whether pentoxifylline administration increased uterine blood flow in normal pregnant pony mares. Thirteen pregnant pony mares between 18 and 190 d of gestation (mean ± SEM, 101 ± 55) were utilized for the study during two trial periods. In each trial, pentoxifylline (17 mg/kg(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal epidural hematomas are rare conditions. Although the exact cause remains unknown in up to 40% of cases, anticoagulation therapy, neoplasm, thrombolytic therapy, internal jugular vein thrombosis, and prolonged Valsalva maneuvers associated with pregnancy may be contributing factors. The source of bleeding appears to be the dorsal internal(More)
Twenty-nine patients with cystic fibrosis received either cefsulodin or a reference agent (tobramycin or ticarcillin) in a randomized manner for treatment of pulmonary infections associated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Patients ranged in age from 12 to 30 years. Their infections were classified as mild (six), moderate (16), or severe (seven). Fourteen(More)