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The prognostic significance of c-erbB-2 oncoprotein overexpression detected in tumours by immunocytochemical assays (ICAs) was investigated in 148 breast carcinomas. ICAs were performed under optimal technical conditions with frozen tissue sections and included automated immunoperoxidase technique and computer-assisted analysis (densitometry) of digitized(More)
OBJECT Gliomas (astrocytic and oligodendroglial) are the most frequently occurring primary neoplasms in the central nervous system (CNS). Histological classification, which can be performed to distinguish astrocytomas from oligodendrogliomas, is essentially based on pathological features and has great prognostic and therapeutic value but lacks(More)
Meningeal solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) and hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are distinct entities in the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors while they belong to the same spectrum of tumors in other locations. Well-defined histological prognostic factors are also lacking for these tumors. In order to clarify the(More)
BACKGROUND Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are characterized by an excellent prognosis although several factors of adverse outcome have been reported. The mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway plays a major role in their tumorigenesis. AIM To report a series of 148 PAs in children to define clinicopathological and biological prognostic factors. METHODS(More)
In contrast to pilocytic astrocytomas (WHO grade I gliomas) that are circumscribed and cured by surgical resection, invasion is a hallmark of grades II-IV gliomas. Proteases play a major role in the invasion process and correlations between glioma grading, survival and protease expression have been demonstrated. In this study, we have chosen to study using(More)
Adult gliomas are most often infiltrative. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classed them into three major groups according to the presomptive cell of origin: astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma and mixed oligoastrocytoma. Depending on the presence or absence of a small number of signs of anaplasia (mitosis, nuclear atypia, cell density, microvascular(More)
BACKGROUND Synovial cysts represent an uncommon and probably underestimated pathological entity of the degenerative lumbar spine. The authors report a retrospective analysis of the clinical presentation, radiological studies and operative findings in 77 patients surgically treated for symptomatic lumbar synovial cysts at their institution. MATERIALS AND(More)
The ecological insurance hypothesis predicts a positive effect of species richness on ecosystem functioning in a variable environment. This effect stems from temporal and spatial complementarity among species within metacommunities coupled with optimal levels of dispersal. Despite its importance in the context of global change by human activities, empirical(More)
Human gliomas including astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas are defined as being composed of neoplastic astrocytes and oligodendrocytes respectively. Here, on the basis of in vitro functional assays, we show that gliomas contain a mixture of glial progenitor cells and their progeny. We have set up explant cultures from pilocytic astrocytomas, glioblastomas(More)
OBJECTIVE This is a retrospective study of 18 patients harboring a solitary fibrous tumor of the central nervous system. Therapeutic management and outcome were analyzed. METHODS Between 1999 and 2004, 18 patients harboring central nervous system solitary fibrous tumors were surgically treated at our two institutions. There were nine men and nine women.(More)